How to replace a hard disk

Hello friends. In this publication, consider the topic: how to replace the hard disk. In modern realities, under such a computer component, as a hard disk, there are different types of its types - Outdated HDD hard drives IDE standards and SATA, relatively modern SATA standard SSD, modern PCI-E standard, they are in most cases SSD NVME. Below we will send references to individual articles of the site, describing in detail how all these types of hard disks are hardware to connect to the computer. And since the topic of the article concerns exactly the replacement of a hard disk, and if we are talking about the replacement of the disk not fully failed, we cannot bypass such an important question as transferring Windows and our data to a new disk. But, let's all in order.

How to replace a hard disk

How to connect hard drives of different types on PCs and laptops

Friends if you do not need to carry any data from the old disk to the new, you simply de-energize the computer and replace one hard drive to others. Crepa a new disk to the place of the old, using its cables in the case of SATA (or IDE). If you have a hard disk with connection through a slot M.2, then instead of the old disk insert a new disk into the slot.

If you need to transfer data from the old disk, you, accordingly, at first, the new disk must be connected in parallel with the old one. And only after transferring data, you can install a new disk instead of the old. To connect the new SATA disk, you must have an excess pair of SATA loop and power cable. By the way, if there is no extra pair, you can temporarily use the loop and cable from the third disk or SATA drive. With IDE, the situation is similar. Well, if you have only one slot M.2 on your motherboard, well, you can't do anything here, you need to make a backup image of the contents of the old disk, or simply copy your data somewhere - on the SATA- or external disk, in the cloud .

to another computer

. And then the whole thing is to restore, transfer, synchronize ...

How to connect a hard disk of a type of computer to a computer? If you have a PC, see a detailed description of these processes in the articles of the site:

If you have a laptop, see how to connect a hard disk, in the articles of the site:

After connecting a new hard disk, we look at whether it sees in BIOS, i.e. Whether we did everything right.

Friends, a couple of tips for the key points of connection of SATA hard drives:

  • If you connect the HDD or SSD to the SATA port, select the SATA III port on the motherboard, unless, of course, you are not quite an old generation of iron with your motherboard support maximum SATA II.

  • If you have a motherboard with support for SATA mode IDE and AHCI, please note that the BIOS is set to a more modern AHCI mode. However, note that when changing the IDE on AHCI, you need to reinstall Windows.

Diagnostics of a hard disk

After connecting and initializing the new hard, I strongly recommend digitizing with its special programs. It is necessary to see the health of the disc, temperature, s.m.a.r.t., conduct test speeds of reading and writing data. If there are some problems with the disk, you can immediately exchange the device on a serviceable device. For diagnostics you can resort to help friendly users

Hard Disk Sentinel

. And for measurements of the speed of reading and writing data, you can use SSD-Z programs, CrystalDiskMark, or

Benchmark service userbenchmark

. The latter is good in that it will allow you to compare the tests of the specifically of your model of a hard disk with tests of the same model from other users from around the world.

Transferring Windows and data to a new hard drive

But you can also use the case with a rigid disk replacement as an opportunity to rethink the existing disk structure, as far as it is convenient for you. Perhaps worth it

distribute disk space

In a different way, select more space under the section C, change non-system sections, reduce or increase their number. In this case, you can

To the new disk transfer only your Windows

. And your personal folders and files subsequently transfer to a new disk, on its new sections by normal copying data in Windows.

After some time, any hard disk in the computer comes into disrepair and requires replacement. Usually the average service life of the hard disk is three years (of course, this figure is very controversial and depends on the intensity of the use of the computer and the loads on the hard disk).

Also, the replacement may be required if you are not satisfied with the volume of your data storage and want to increase its capacity.

Fortunately, replacing the hard drive in the computer will not be much difficult. Everyone can do it yourself, using this manual. This manual is intended for personal computers, but it can be used to replace a hard disk in a laptop.

Good luck to you! Seeing soon meetings on the pages of the Blog.

Repair hard disk or replacement

It does not make sense to repair the hard disk, since even in the case of the repair of the hard disk or a disk, which is on the verge of failure, a long renovated disk will not last.

So feel free to go to any computer equipment store and buy a new hard disk, especially since the hard disk is relatively inexpensive.

By the way, it is possible to replace the rigid disk immediately to a more modern drive for data, which will increase the speed of your computer at times. I'm talking about SSD disk. To determine the selection, read the material about SSD disks

It is possible that important data are stored on your computer, the loss of which is unacceptable. Then you should think about the purchase of a removable hard disk. Just read the material About removable disks

КAccounts to consider when choosing a new hard disk

1. You need to choose a reliable manufacturer if you want your new hard drive to serve for a long time (Western Digital, Toshiba, Seagate).

2. The volume of the hard disk must be chosen according to needs. The more, the better for the user. Modern standard for hard drives is 1 TB size.

3. The number of revolutions is desirable to choose 7,200 revolutions per minute. Then the speed of copying data to the disk and the speed of the operating system will be at an acceptable level. Although there is an opinion that such discs fail more often and much faster, but it must be remembered that modern discs have a sufficient level of fault tolerance.

4. Form factor of a hard disk for a personal computer is 3.5 inches, for a 2.5-inches laptop (visual disk is much less).

A hard drive for a laptop can be installed in a personal computer, but it is irrational due to higher cost at less productivity. So do not make mistakes with the choice.

5. The interface of the controller of modern rigid disks is SATA, SATA II or SATA III. Usually these interfaces are compatible. Old computers supported only the IDE interface, which is now almost impossible to meet (only in very old computers).

Good luck to you! Seeing soon meetings on the pages of the Blog.

Before replacing a hard disk

Before changing the hard disk, you must first copy the important data from the disk to another medium of information, for example, on a flash drive or removable disk.

You may want to make a copy of the operating system. In any case, do not forget about pre-copying your data.

Dismantling of a hard disk

1. Developed a computer and disconnect all peripheral equipment from the system unit, that is, the mouse, keyboard, printer, monitor, webcam and other devices.

TOSHIBA P300 Hard Drive

2. In the next step, we open the case of the system block of the personal computer.

Most often, the system unit opens by unscrewing four bolts from behind, on which the side walls are fixed. Some models of system units require pre-removal of the front cover on the housing. In any case, without dumping can not do.

It is worth remembering that new system blocks that are still on warranty service are protected by special seals. In case of violation of the integrity of such seals you lose warranty. Therefore, it is not necessary to independently replace the hard disk if the warranty service period is not yet expired.

Disconnection of the peripherals from the computer

3. At the next step (after we removed the side walls of the system unit housing), you need to disconnect the hard disk from the special box in the system unit (carefully unscrew the bolts on which the hard disk is attached, bolts usually four Things).

Opening of the system block of the computer

4. Do not forget to disconnect the two cables: the hard disk power cable and the data cable.

Storing their location (how cables are connected to the hard disk) is not necessary, since when the cables are inserted, it is not anyway, it will not work anyway.

This, in fact, is good personal computers, since they implemented the so-called fool protection, in which each element can only be put on its place.

5. Next, pull out the rigid disk itself and leave it for yourself as, for example, the stand is for anything.

Dismantling hard disk computer

Installation of a hard disk

Installation produce in reverse sequence.

1. First, insert the hard disk to the appropriate place in the case of the computer's system block.

2. Then screw the hard disk into a special boxing of the system unit using bolts using scolding.

3. Next, connect the power and data cables.

4. Close the side cover of the computer housing and screw them with bolts using a screwdriver.

5. Connect the peripheral equipment to the computer (monitor, keyboard, mouse, printer and other devices).

On this, the installation of the hard disk is over. It remains as small - turn on the computer and install the operating system.

Personally, I would recommend you to install Linux, for example, Ubuntu. But the majority will probably prefer Windows. Well, I do not judge, this is a matter of taste and the preferences of everyone. Maybe you have Mac OS.

Well, if you wonder how to install the Ubuntu software on the personal computer, then read With this material

Disk location in the computer block of the computer

How to extend the service life to the hard disk and protect it from breakdowns

1. Purchase only hard drives from well-known manufacturers and only in stores.

2. Do not expose hard disk of various sorts of shocks, as well as moisture or very high and low temperatures.

3. If you get a hard disk in the winter time, it acts in common to all household appliances. The rule: before installing the hard disk it is necessary to wait until the disk is warm to room temperature.

4. Do not conduct Defragmentation Disk too often. Although defragmentation and useful procedure, which can increase the speed of the computer, but it is still not worth abuse of defragmentation.

How much is the hard drive

The average price for a hard disk for a personal computer in specialized stores varies from 2500 to 3,500 rubles, depending on the manufacturer of the data storage and its volume.

I hope, after reading this material, you can easily independently replace the hard disk in a personal computer.

An independent disk replacement is possible only if you are confident in your own. If there is no confidence, then the best turn to professionals. Follow the HP link to replace the hard disk prominent and endure the work of the masters of your business.

More materials about computer hardware

Did you like the article? Not really? Then it is possible that you write your much better. Just click on the link Placing articles and read the rules for publishing articles on the site  Multiblog67.ru. .

Computer system block

When the hard disk is outdated, started working badly, or the current volume becomes not enough, the user decides to change it to a new HDD or SSD. Replacing the old drive is a simple - simple procedure that even unprepared user can perform. It is equally simple and in the usual stationary computer, and in a laptop.

Preparation for replacing hard disk

If you decide to replace the old hard drive, it is not necessary to install a clean drive at all, and re-put the operating system there and download the other files. It is possible to transfer OS to another HDD or SSD.

Read more: How to transfer the system to SSDKak to move the system on HDD

You can also clone the entire disk.

Read more: Cloning SSDKloning HDD

Next, we will analyze how to replace the disk in the system unit, and then in the laptop.

Replacing the hard disk in the system unit

To pre-move the system or the entire disk to the new one, you do not need to get the old hard drive. It is enough to do steps 1-3, connect the second HDD as well as the first (motherboard and the power supply has 2-4 ports for connecting the disks), download the PC as usual and perform the transfer of the OS. Links to transfer guides you will find at the beginning of this article.

  1. Make a computer and remove the housing cover. Most system blocks have a side cover that is fastened with screws. It is enough to unscrew them and move the lid of the Block.
  2. Find boxing where HDD is installed.
  3. Each hard disk is connected to the motherboard and to the power supply. Find the wires that depart from the hard drive, and disconnect them from the devices to which they are connected.
  4. Most likely, your HDD is screwed with screws to boxing. This is done so that the drive is not subjected to shaking, which can easily withdraw it. Unscrew each of them and get the disc.

    How to replace the hard disk on your own

  5. Now install a new disk just like the old one. Many new discs are equipped with special linings (they are also called frames guides), which can also be used for convenient installation of the device. Extraction of hard disk from boxingScrew it with screws to panels, connect the wires to the motherboard and the power unit in the same way as they have been connected from the previous HDD. Hard disk guides
  6. Without closing the lid, try to turn on the PC and check if the BIOS disc sees. If necessary, set this drive in the BIOS settings as the main bootload (if the operating system is installed).

    Old BIOS: Advanced Bios Features> First Boot Device

    Connecting a hard disk

    New BIOS: Boot> First Boot Priority

    Loading flash drive with BIOS

  7. If the download went successfully, you can close the lid and secure it with screws.

Replacing hard disk in a laptop

Connect the second hard drive to the laptop is problematic (for example, for pre-cloning OS or the entire disk). You will need to use the SATA-TO-USB adapter, and the Winchester itself is connected as an external one. After the system is transferred, you can replace the disk from the old to the new one.

Refinement: To replace the disk in a laptop, you may need to remove the bottom cover from the device completely. The exact instruction on the analysis of your laptop model can be found on the Internet. Pick up minor screwdrivers that fit to small screws holding the laptop cover.

However, it is very often not necessary to remove the cover, since the hard disk can be in a separate compartment. In this case, it will be necessary to remove the screws only in the place where HDD is located.

  1. De-in the laptop, remove the battery and unscrew the screws around the perimeter of the bottom cover or from a separate area where the drive is located.
  2. Carefully open the cover, going on a special screwdriver. It can hold the loops or the coins that you missed.
  3. Find the compartment with the disk.

    Loading from a flash drive in BIOS

  4. The drive must be screwed with screws so that it does not shake during transportation. Unscrew them. The device may be in a special frame, so if there is such a HDD, you need to get it together with it. Hard disk in a laptop

    If there are no frames, you will need to see the ribbon on the hard drive, which makes it easier to pull out the device. Pull the HDD parallel for it and disconnect it from the contacts. It must pass without any problems, provided that you will pull the tape in parallel. If you pull it up or left-right, then you can damage the contacts on the drive itself or at the laptop.

    Note: Depending on the location of components and laptop elements, access to the drive can be covered with something else, for example, USB ports. In this case, they will also need to unscrew.

  5. Put a new HDD in an empty boxing or frame.

    Clear hard drive from laptop

    Be sure to tighten it with screws.

    New hard drive

    If necessary, install back items that prevent the disk replacement.

  6. Do not closing the lid, try to turn on the laptop. If the download goes without problems, you can close the lid and tighten it with screws. To find out if a clean drive was determined, go to the BIOS and in the list of connected devices, check the presence of the model just installed. BIOS screenshots showing how to view the correct disk connected and how to turn on the boot from it, you will find higher.

Now you know how easy it is to replace the hard disk in the computer. It is enough to show caution in your actions and follow the proper replacement manual. Even if you did not manage to replace the disk from the first time, do not be discouraged, and try analyzing every step that you have completed. After connecting the clean disk, you will need a boot flash drive with the operating system to install Windows (or other OS) and use the computer / laptop.

On our site you can find detailed instructions on how to create a bootable USB flash drive with Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 10, Ubuntu.

Install hard disk in laptopWe are glad that you could help you solve the problem. Install hard disk in laptopDescribe what you did not work.

Our specialists will try to answer as quickly as possible.

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Full version of the article with all the additional video lessons, see the source: https://hetmanrecovery.com/ru/recovery_news/how-p-pgrade-app-install-a-new-hard-drive-or-sd-drive-into-personal-computer.htm.

Read Step by step guide, how to choose and install hard disk on PC . And also, the features of the transfer of the operating system from one hard disk to another (new). A modern personal computer is a complex electronic device that includes a set of different components that ensure it is quick and reliable operation. The main criteria of the computer are its performance and speed, batch time and system load speed, information processing speed.

For this purpose, a personal computer requires a certain place for installing the operating system, a place to store information used to solve internal system tasks, and free space for installing and storing various applications and programs that will be installed directly by the user itself for their own needs.

Usually, no matter how much space on the hard disk is initially, it is steadily reduced in the process of work, filled with various applications and user files. Therefore, there is not enough free space on a hard disk and always want to increase it. The presence of a large free disk space allows the system to use it to increase the productivity of a personal computer as a whole. Therefore, the hard disk update is one of the easiest ways to improve your personal computer, regardless of whether you want to just add an additional data warehouse or want to increase the speed of the system by installing a solid-state drive "SSD" . In this manual, we will try to describe the procedure for selecting and installing a new disk to your personal computer.

Step One: Selection of a new disk

Select a disc that matches your budget and can perform the tasks you expect - this is the first step. Nowadays, this is a rather complicated choice between the traditional hard disk. "HDD" and solid-state drive "SSD" . Everyone must solve it for itself, based on its needs and opportunities.

Should you use a conventional hard drive, or "SSD" or better to use both?

Before buying a specific disk or drive, each user must answer for himself for one question: "What interests me first: increase the speed or amount of available memory?" .

Modern SSD drives show themselves wonderful and worthy of updates practically in any system . Transition from a conventional hard disk to drive "SSD" Several times increases the speed of the system and performance of the system on your personal computer. You will begin to work much faster, the speed of downloading applications and large files increases and seriously decreases the time required to download in most modern games. However, the main problem is that the price of sufficiently surround drives "SSD" (Terabyte and above) is exormably large and significantly exceeds at cost analogs among standard hard drives.

Alternatively, a solid-state drive "SSD" stands standard hard drive "HDD" . Ordinary hard drives work slower, but instead they offer a huge free space for storing information relatively cheap, especially compared to the drive "SSD" . You can easily find hard drives with a container of four terabytes - this is quite enough to satisfy any needs (other than the most demanding media storage facilities for which special servers or arrays are suitable), no more than $ 100 dollars.

You can also combine together the benefits of solid-state drives "SSD" and conventional hard drives "HDD" . If your personal computer allows you to use more than one disk (and a significant majority of them make it possible), then you can install your operating system on the main drive "SSD" For quick access to programs and basic files, and use the traditional hard drive of the large container to store files. This makes a drive "SSD" Especially attractive if you already have an ordinary hard drive on your computer. In this case, you can easily reinstall or move the operating system to the drive "SSD" and store all information on the remaining hard disk "HDD" .

If you decide not to reckon with trips, or you are limited to connecting only one disk in your laptop, for example, you can spend a significant amount of money and purchase a lot of terabayt drive "SSD" . But for most users, the use of a solid-state drive "SSD" A small volume in combination with a high-capacity hard disk is an excellent compromise.

What is the physical size of the disk you need to choose?

Hard disks "HDD" Usually there are two sizes: "2.5" " SMALL FORM FACTOR - "SFF" ) I. "3.5" " LARGE FORM FACTOR - "LFF" ). "3.5-inch" discs are also known as "Full-size" or "Desktop discs" These are disks oriented, mainly for use in desktop computers. Almost every desktop personal computer has a place at least for one (and sometimes more) "3.5-inch" disks. Possible exception to this list are computers with a super small form factor that can only be used. "2.5-inch" disks.

"2.5-inch" Discs are traditionally designed for laptops, but also perfectly suitable for desktop personal computers. Some desktop computers have built-in attachment points for "2.5-inch" disks. If you have no such attachment points, then you will need a special mounting bracket that you can purchase additionally. Note that such brackets are usually marked as "SSD mounting brackets . This is due to the fact that all solid-state drives in the traditional form of hard disk have "2.5-inch" the size.

And, continuing the conversation about the drives "SSD" , there is another form factor for discussion: this is the standard "M.2" This is used to implement high-performance solid-state drives used in compact devices (tablets, ultrabooks). These discs are actually more similar to the memory bar than on a standard hard drive. Instead of connecting to the motherboard through the cable "SATA" how are the usual discs, standards discs "M.2" Connect to a specialized slot. If you are interested in such disks, then you need to determine if you need to install their personal computer.

There is another feature of laptops. Since laptops have become smaller in size and more elegant in shape, they also have become more difficult to update. Most laptops that are not super tiny still use "2.5-inch" Wheels, but they can provide or not provide access to such a discs with the usual user. More bulky laptops and several models of business class laptops, such as "Lenovo Thinkpad" or "Dell Latitude" Easily provide access to the disc compartment. In other models of laptops, it may be necessary to perform a more complex and time-consuming work to gain access to disc compartment, or in general, such an access may not be, especially if they switched to expensive standard "M.2" . If your laptop or computer is still under warranty, then any replacement will cancel its cancellation, and you need to remember this before you decide any changes to the computer configuration.

What connection do I need to apply?

All modern "3.5-inch" и "2.5-inch" Discs are used "SATA connection" To power and transfer data.

If you install the drive to a standard personal computer, the power cable "SATA" - This is fifteen contact cable that works from the power source of your computer. If your personal computer offers only older four contact cables "Molex" You can buy special inexpensive adapters that wonderfully coped with their task.

Data cable "SATA" requires that your motherboard support "SATA connection" (This applies to all modern computers), and can be represented in several different configurations. Some cables have a direct connector at one end and "L-shaped" connector at the other end. "L-shaped" The connector facilitates the installation in the sockets, which are located close enough to other components of the computer. Some cables "SATA" have direct connectors on both sides (for example, as shown in the figure below), or, on the contrary, have "L-shaped" Connectors at both ends. When buying a hard disk, you get cables with it. But if you have a limited space for installing a disc, then keep in mind that there are various cable configurations that you can use.

If you install a disk in a laptop that allows the user to get direct access to the appropriate compartment, then the entire installation procedure is quite simple. Usually you can connect the disk directly to the slot that already has power and connections for data transfer - the connection cables are simply absent here.

A few more words about "SATA" disks. The latest version of Standard "SATA" Is version "SATA 3.3" And discs and cables are compatible with old versions. For ordinary personal computers, you must make sure that the drive you buy, works as well or faster than the connection that your motherboard supports. Most connections "SATA" For the motherboard over the past five years, they support at least a version "3.0" . The same applies to cable "SATA" which you buy. Laptops do not use SATA cables, so just make sure the disk you update uses the same version "SATA" Or more new than the disc that you replace.

What amount of disk for storage do I need?

It's pretty simple: based on the availability of tasks for discs and the capabilities of your budget. Wheels with a large amount of memory are respectively more expensive than wheels with smaller volume, regardless of the type of disks that you are considering (solid-state drives "SSD" or ordinary hard drives "HDD" ). It is necessary to find a golden middle, satisfying your discs and your financial capabilities. Then you can decide whether you will use wheels.

How fast should my disc be?

As in the previous paragraph, the default answer is: "So quickly, as far as you can afford" . However, if you go with a conventional hard disk on a solid-state drive "SSD" You will be pleasantly surprised by a significant increase in speed, no matter what. Therefore, for you it will not fundamentally choose the most high-speed drive "SSD" Since the download speed compared to a conventional hard disk, so it will be significantly increased. In this case, much more important will be the desire to get a drive "SSD" holding a large amount of memory than getting even greater speed, which for different drive models "SSD" Misses not so much.

If you buy a regular drive, then its speed is expressed in RPM - The number of spindle revolutions per minute. The most common are discs at speeds: "5400 rpm" - This is a typical speed for inexpensive drives (especially in form factors "2.5" " ), and actuators with speed "7200 rpm" . Some high-performance hard drives are available at speeds. "10 000 rpm" But in most cases they are simply replaced by faster drives "SSD" .

Here there is also another option, in the case when your choice is limited only by a conventional hard disk. So called, "Hybrid" Disks that combine a large standard hard disk and a small flash memory cache. It will not make your hard drive faster than the drive "SSD" But the caching of files can significantly improve performance if you are constantly accessing the same programs and files. But such a disk can cost somewhat more expensive compared with the standard hard disk.

Step 2: Decide, to transfer your operating system or perform a clean installation re-

You bought a new disk and are ready to install it. The next step is to decide whether you want to transfer your operating system to a new disk or simply perform a clean installation and start working with the new operating system. Each method has its pros and cons.

Transferring operating system

Full transfer of your operating system (and all your personal data and installed applications) means no need to worry about reinstalling "Windows" , It is configured for your own preferences, and re-install each of your applications. The disadvantage is that it is a rather slow and tedious process.

If you move from one disk to another (unlike a simple installation of an additional disk to the computer), you probably want to transfer your operating system to a new disk instead of installing it again. Bad news is that it is a slow and tedious process. The good news is what it is not so difficult to do. Most new disks come with tools that allow it to execute. And if you, together with the disk, did not receive a free tool, that is, other ways to transfer the operating system to a new disk that you can easily find on the Internet.

If you use a laptop, then you need to use "USB adapter" "SATA" So that you can connect both disks at the same time. You can install a new disk, perform the transfer, and then decide whether to leave the old disk as an additional place to store information or delete it.

Performing clean installation

There are also advantages to re-install your operating system on a new disk. The main advantage is the fact that you can start everything first. Your new operating system will not hide and brazed, and will work without any failures and errors that could arise after multiple settings and delete various programs and applications. You can configure the system as you want, and install only those programs and applications that you need at the moment.

At the same time, it is also a disadvantage, since you will have to go through the entire way to install the operating system and additional programs from the very beginning. In fairness I must say that this process is faster than the full transfer of the system to a new disk. Performing a clean installation means you reinstall only those applications and games that you want. You must also make sure that you have all the installation files of those applications that you plan to set anew. You will need to find them together with all the necessary licensed information for recording and activation.

Step Three: Install a new disk

The steps on the installation (or replacement) of the hard disk are slightly different from each other, depending on whether you are installed on a laptop or on a regular personal computer.

Installing a new disk in a laptop

Different models of laptops have different ways to access the storage compartment, if such a method is provided by a laptop manufacturer. In some cases, access to the compartment is quite easy. Some models of business class laptops allow you to replace the disk, twisting only one screw, it may be necessary to complete the bottom of the laptop or even extract the keyboard. You can usually find accurate instructions by following the online search for your manufacturer and a specific laptop model.

For example, consider the option of replacing the disk in the laptop "ThinkPad T450" . The replacement process is quite typical for similar models that allow you to upgrade the hard drive.

To gain access to the drive, you must extract the battery, and then unscrew the eight different screws at the bottom of the laptop housing. It frees the bottom cover of the housing and will allow you to pull it out of the computer. Next in one of the corners of the laptop you will see a hard disk. Unscrew the last screw that holds the hard drive. Then gently pull the disk and shift it a little to the side to free it from the built-in "SATA connections" and remove the disk from the laptop housing. Insert the new hard drive in the vacant space, gently connecting it with the built-in "SATA connection" , trying not to damage it, and secure the new hard disk in the computer case by the locking screw. Install the housing cover back, secure it with screws and return to the location of the battery. On this procedure for replacing the hard disk in the laptop is completed.

Again, the entire hard disk replacement process will vary greatly depending on what laptop you have. If you need a step-by-step instruction for your particular laptop model, then you can take advantage of the wide range of Internet and find it either on the manufacturer's website, or use the tips of other users who already have experience such.

Installing a new disk to the usual personal computer

This process is a bit more complicated than on a laptop, but good news is that access to the disk is usually much easier than in most laptops.

You will need a standard cruciform screwdriver and cable. "SATA" . If you completely replace one disc to another, then you can use the old cable. "SATA" which is already installed. Your power source may have a free connection. "SATA-Power" - Multiple connectors are often available. But if there is no free connector, then you will need an adapter cable. If you independently collected your computer, then the necessary screws for fastening the hard disk must be initially installed in the housing of the computer unit. If not, check the spare parts set that went with the case.

Turn off the device from the electrical network, disconnect all external devices and power cables, and then move the computer enclosure to the working area. We recommend using an empty smooth free space (for example, a table), which has spacious access from all sides, and preferably without a carpet under it. If you know the configuration of the internal parts of your computer, then place the housing under any, convenient for you, an annexed angle, or you can leave it simply vertically. To access the inside of the computer, you will have to remove one or more body of the body of the case.

Remove the access panel cover, which is on the computer housing on the left, if you look at your computer in front. Most designs require you to unscrew two or three screws from the back side, and then pulled the lid along the body and removed the panel with holding loops. Some personal computers require that you remove the cover from all over the housing, and not just from the access panel. If you are not sure how you do, look at the Internet instructions for your body model. It should not be a lot of work, and you can easily find it.

Take a minute of your time to navigate, and inspect the configuration of the internal parts of your computer. You should see the motherboard with a box power source or from above, or below the case, as well as the drive or disks of your computer installed in the front of the case. Data cable "SATA" Must be connected from the motherboard to the drive, and the power cable "SATA" Must connect the drive and power source.

Note : If you do not see a large computer in the case "3.5-inch" or less "2.5-inch disk" , it can be installed elsewhere. In new designs, the disk is often behind the motherboard, so you will need to open the opposite panel to access.

If you decide not to leave your old disc on a computer as an additional disk for storing data, then it's time to take it out. Cables with which your disk has been connected to the motherboard and power source, you can leave, and connect them to a new drive, after installation.

First, disconnect the data cables and power from the rear of the old drive. There is nothing complicated in this: just pull them out of the place of attachment to the disk. Some cables have a small latch blocking mechanism that you have to first compress to disconnect them.

The drive is fixed on a special shelf with screws. The screws are supplied in various sizes and lengths (some of which include silicone gaskets for sound insulation) and can be attached to the bottom of the drive or side, depending on the design of your case. It does not matter, simply using a screwdriver, unscrew the drive screws, and set aside to not lose them. Now get your disk and carefully remove it. Be careful with him to, if necessary, you could use it else here or in another device.

Repeat the entire process in the reverse order, install a new disk instead of the old and firmly secure it with screws in the appropriate places. Now connect the cables to the new disk. Each cable is only suitable for its connections to its connections, so when you are connected, you will not be wrong.

If you add a new hard drive, and the old disk remains in its place, the procedure looks a little more difficult. You will need to install a hard disk on the shelf (select any suitable shelf from the available dial) and secure it with the mounting screws in the appropriate places, and then connect the disk with additional cables.

Connect one end of the data cable. "SATA" To the rear panel of the new hard disk, and the other end is to the motherboard. Motherboard slots are usually located close to the front of the computer in a cluster having two to six connectors. It does not matter which connector you use, although you can connect it sequentially to the nearest connector, to maintain an ordered internal organization of the space of a computer block.

Now connect the power "SATA" From the power supply to a new drive. If you already have a disc, check the power cable from it, because they usually have several plugs that allow them to use them for multiple disks. If there are no free power connectors in your power source "SATA" You will have to use an adapter or splitter.

Now all major work is completed and your hard drive is fully ready for use. Be sure to check all connections and make sure that the cables do not touch any radiators or blades of the cooling fan. Then set the previously removed case of the body of the body to place and secure them with screws in the places. Return your computer to the original position, connect all external devices and strength cables and run it.

Full version of the article with all the additional video lessons, see the source: https://hetmanrecovery.com/ru/recovery_news/how-p-pgrade-app-install-a-new-hard-drive-or-sd-drive-into-personal-computer.htm.

How to Replace Hard Drive or SSD Computer or Laptop

Read Step by step guide, how to choose and install hard disk on PC . And also, the features of the transfer of the operating system from one hard disk to another (new).

How to Replace Hard Drive or SSD Computer or Laptop

A modern personal computer is a complex electronic device that includes a set of different components that ensure it is quick and reliable operation. The main criteria of the computer are its performance and speed, batch time and system load speed, information processing speed.

For this purpose, a personal computer requires a certain place for installing the operating system, a place to store information used to solve internal system tasks, and free space for installing and storing various applications and programs that will be installed directly by the user itself for their own needs.

Content: "SSD" . In this manual, we will try to describe the procedure for selecting and installing a new disk to your personal computer.

Usually, no matter how much space on the hard disk is initially, it is steadily reduced in the process of work, filled with various applications and user files. Therefore, there is not enough free space on a hard disk and always want to increase it. The presence of a large free disk space allows the system to use it to increase the productivity of a personal computer as a whole. Therefore, the hard disk update is one of the easiest ways to improve your personal computer, regardless of whether you want to just add an additional data warehouse or want to increase the speed of the system by installing a solid-state drive

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A computer with Windows 10, 8, 7 does not see the hard drive or SSD in 2019 - how to connect! 💻⚙️🗄️

Select a new disk "HDD" and solid-state drive "SSD" . Everyone must solve it for itself, based on its needs and opportunities.

Usually, no matter how much space on the hard disk is initially, it is steadily reduced in the process of work, filled with various applications and user files. Therefore, there is not enough free space on a hard disk and always want to increase it. The presence of a large free disk space allows the system to use it to increase the productivity of a personal computer as a whole. Therefore, the hard disk update is one of the easiest ways to improve your personal computer, regardless of whether you want to just add an additional data warehouse or want to increase the speed of the system by installing a solid-state drive

Select a disc that matches your budget and can perform the tasks you expect - this is the first step. Nowadays, this is a rather complicated choice between the traditional hard disk.

Select a disc that matches your budget and can perform the tasks you expect - this is the first step. Nowadays, this is a rather complicated choice between the traditional hard disk.

Should you use a conventional hard drive, or "SSD" or better to use both?

Before buying a specific disk or drive, each user must answer for himself for one question: "What interests me first: increase the speed or amount of available memory?" .

Usually, no matter how much space on the hard disk is initially, it is steadily reduced in the process of work, filled with various applications and user files. Therefore, there is not enough free space on a hard disk and always want to increase it. The presence of a large free disk space allows the system to use it to increase the productivity of a personal computer as a whole. Therefore, the hard disk update is one of the easiest ways to improve your personal computer, regardless of whether you want to just add an additional data warehouse or want to increase the speed of the system by installing a solid-state drive

How to restore the SSD data of the disk after removing or formatting ⚕️📁💥

How to restore the SSD data of the disk after removing or formatting ⚕️📁💥

How to split into partitions HDD, SSD disc, memory card or USB flash drive "SSD" Modern SSD drives show themselves wonderful and worthy of updates practically in any system. Transition from a conventional hard disk to drive "SSD" (Terabyte and above) is exormably large and significantly exceeds at cost analogs among standard hard drives.

Alternatively, a solid-state drive "SSD" stands standard hard drive "HDD" Several times increases the speed of the system and performance of the system on your personal computer. You will begin to work much faster, the speed of downloading applications and large files increases and seriously decreases the time required to download in most modern games. However, the main problem is that the price of sufficiently surround drives "SSD" . Ordinary hard drives work slower, but instead they offer a huge free space for storing information relatively cheap, especially compared to the drive

You can also combine together the benefits of solid-state drives "SSD" and conventional hard drives "HDD" . You can easily find hard drives with a container of four terabytes - this is quite enough to satisfy any needs (other than the most demanding media storage facilities for which special servers or arrays are suitable), no more than $ 100 dollars. "SSD" . If your personal computer allows you to use more than one disk (and a significant majority of them make it possible), then you can install your operating system on the main drive "SSD" For quick access to programs and basic files, and use the traditional hard drive of the large container to store files. This makes a drive "SSD" and store all information on the remaining hard disk "HDD" .

Close

Especially attractive if you already have an ordinary hard drive on your computer. In this case, you can easily reinstall or move the operating system to the drive "SSD" . But for most users, the use of a solid-state drive "SSD" A small volume in combination with a high-capacity hard disk is an excellent compromise.

What is the physical size of the disk you need to choose?

This computer

Hard disks "HDD" Usually there are two sizes: "2.5" " SMALL FORM FACTOR - "SFF" ) I. "3.5" " LARGE FORM FACTOR - "LFF" ). "3.5-inch" discs are also known as "Full-size" or "Desktop discs" If you decide not to reckon with trips, or you are limited to connecting only one disk in your laptop, for example, you can spend a significant amount of money and purchase a lot of terabayt drive "3.5-inch" These are disks oriented, mainly for use in desktop computers. Almost every desktop personal computer has a place at least for one (and sometimes more) "2.5-inch" disks.

"2.5-inch" disks. Possible exception to this list are computers with a super small form factor that can only be used. "2.5-inch" Discs are traditionally designed for laptops, but also perfectly suitable for desktop personal computers. Some desktop computers have built-in attachment points for "SSD mounting brackets . This is due to the fact that all solid-state drives in the traditional form of hard disk have "2.5-inch" disks. If you have no such attachment points, then you will need a special mounting bracket that you can purchase additionally. Note that such brackets are usually marked as

And, continuing the conversation about the drives "SSD" , there is another form factor for discussion: this is the standard "M.2" the size. "SATA" how are the usual discs, standards discs "M.2" This is used to implement high-performance solid-state drives used in compact devices (tablets, ultrabooks). These discs are actually more similar to the memory bar than on a standard hard drive. Instead of connecting to the motherboard through the cable

Connect to a specialized slot. If you are interested in such disks, then you need to determine if you need to install their personal computer. "2.5-inch" There is another feature of laptops. Since laptops have become smaller in size and more elegant in shape, they also have become more difficult to update. Most laptops that are not super tiny still use "Lenovo Thinkpad" or "Dell Latitude" Wheels, but they can provide or not provide access to such a discs with the usual user. More bulky laptops and several models of business class laptops, such as "M.2" Easily provide access to the disc compartment. In other models of laptops, it may be necessary to perform a more complex and time-consuming work to gain access to disc compartment, or in general, such an access may not be, especially if they switched to expensive standard

What connection do I need to apply?

Hard disks

All modern "3.5-inch" и "2.5-inch" Discs are used "SATA connection" To power and transfer data.

If you install the drive to a standard personal computer, the power cable "SATA" . If your laptop or computer is still under warranty, then any replacement will cancel its cancellation, and you need to remember this before you decide any changes to the computer configuration. "Molex" You can buy special inexpensive adapters that wonderfully coped with their task.

Data cable "SATA" requires that your motherboard support "SATA connection" - This is fifteen contact cable that works from the power source of your computer. If your personal computer offers only older four contact cables "L-shaped" connector at the other end. "L-shaped" The connector facilitates the installation in the sockets, which are located close enough to other components of the computer. Some cables "SATA" have direct connectors on both sides (for example, as shown in the figure below), or, on the contrary, have "L-shaped" (This applies to all modern computers), and can be represented in several different configurations. Some cables have a direct connector at one end and

SATA disk interface

Connectors at both ends. When buying a hard disk, you get cables with it. But if you have a limited space for installing a disc, then keep in mind that there are various cable configurations that you can use.

A few more words about "SATA" disks. The latest version of Standard "SATA" Is version "SATA 3.3" If you install a disk in a laptop that allows the user to get direct access to the appropriate compartment, then the entire installation procedure is quite simple. Usually you can connect the disk directly to the slot that already has power and connections for data transfer - the connection cables are simply absent here. "SATA" For the motherboard over the past five years, they support at least a version "3.0" . The same applies to cable "SATA" And discs and cables are compatible with old versions. For ordinary personal computers, you must make sure that the drive you buy, works as well or faster than the connection that your motherboard supports. Most connections "SATA" Or more new than the disc that you replace.

What amount of disk for storage do I need?

which you buy. Laptops do not use SATA cables, so just make sure the disk you update uses the same version "SSD" or ordinary hard drives "HDD" It's pretty simple: based on the availability of tasks for discs and the capabilities of your budget. Wheels with a large amount of memory are respectively more expensive than wheels with smaller volume, regardless of the type of disks that you are considering (solid-state drives

How fast should my disc be?

As in the previous paragraph, the default answer is: "So quickly, as far as you can afford" . However, if you go with a conventional hard disk on a solid-state drive "SSD" ). It is necessary to find a golden middle, satisfying your discs and your financial capabilities. Then you can decide whether you will use wheels. "SSD" You will be pleasantly surprised by a significant increase in speed, no matter what. Therefore, for you it will not fundamentally choose the most high-speed drive "SSD" holding a large amount of memory than getting even greater speed, which for different drive models "SSD" Misses not so much.

If you buy a regular drive, then its speed is expressed in RPM - The number of spindle revolutions per minute. The most common are discs at speeds: "5400 rpm" - This is a typical speed for inexpensive drives (especially in form factors "2.5" " ), and actuators with speed "7200 rpm" . Some high-performance hard drives are available at speeds. "10 000 rpm" But in most cases they are simply replaced by faster drives "SSD" .

SATA cord

Here there is also another option, in the case when your choice is limited only by a conventional hard disk. So called, "Hybrid" Since the download speed compared to a conventional hard disk, so it will be significantly increased. In this case, much more important will be the desire to get a drive "SSD" Disks that combine a large standard hard disk and a small flash memory cache. It will not make your hard drive faster than the drive

But the caching of files can significantly improve performance if you are constantly accessing the same programs and files. But such a disk can cost somewhat more expensive compared with the standard hard disk.

Do you transfer your operating system or perform a clean installation

Transferring operating system

You bought a new disk and are ready to install it. The next step is to decide whether you want to transfer your operating system to a new disk or simply perform a clean installation and start working with the new operating system. Each method has its pros and cons. "Windows" Full transfer of your operating system (and all your personal data and installed applications) means no need to worry about reinstalling

, It is configured for your own preferences, and re-install each of your applications. The disadvantage is that it is a rather slow and tedious process.

If you use a laptop, then you need to use "USB adapter" "SATA" If you move from one disk to another (unlike a simple installation of an additional disk to the computer), you probably want to transfer your operating system to a new disk instead of installing it again. Bad news is that it is a slow and tedious process. The good news is what it is not so difficult to do. Most new disks come with tools that allow it to execute. And if you, together with the disk, did not receive a free tool, that is, other ways to transfer the operating system to a new disk that you can easily find on the Internet.

Performing clean installation

So that you can connect both disks at the same time. You can install a new disk, perform the transfer, and then decide whether to leave the old disk as an additional place to store information or delete it.

There are also advantages to re-install your operating system on a new disk. The main advantage is the fact that you can start everything first. Your new operating system will not hide and brazed, and will work without any failures and errors that could arise after multiple settings and delete various programs and applications. You can configure the system as you want, and install only those programs and applications that you need at the moment.

At the same time, it is also a disadvantage, since you will have to go through the entire way to install the operating system and additional programs from the very beginning. In fairness I must say that this process is faster than the full transfer of the system to a new disk. Performing a clean installation means you reinstall only those applications and games that you want. You must also make sure that you have all the installation files of those applications that you plan to set anew. You will need to find them together with all the necessary licensed information for recording and activation.

Install a new disk

Installing a new disk in a laptop

Hard disk: fee

The steps on the installation (or replacement) of the hard disk are slightly different from each other, depending on whether you are installed on a laptop or on a regular personal computer.

For example, consider the option of replacing the disk in the laptop "ThinkPad T450" . The replacement process is quite typical for similar models that allow you to upgrade the hard drive.

Different models of laptops have different ways to access the storage compartment, if such a method is provided by a laptop manufacturer. In some cases, access to the compartment is quite easy. Some models of business class laptops allow you to replace the disk, twisting only one screw, it may be necessary to complete the bottom of the laptop or even extract the keyboard. You can usually find accurate instructions by following the online search for your manufacturer and a specific laptop model. "SATA connections" To gain access to the drive, you must extract the battery, and then unscrew the eight different screws at the bottom of the laptop housing. It frees the bottom cover of the housing and will allow you to pull it out of the computer. Next in one of the corners of the laptop you will see a hard disk. Unscrew the last screw that holds the hard drive. Then gently pull the disk and shift it a little to the side to free it from the built-in "SATA connection" and remove the disk from the laptop housing. Insert the new hard drive in the vacant space, gently connecting it with the built-in

, trying not to damage it, and secure the new hard disk in the computer case by the locking screw. Install the housing cover back, secure it with screws and return to the location of the battery. On this procedure for replacing the hard disk in the laptop is completed.

Installing a new disk to the usual personal computer

Again, the entire hard disk replacement process will vary greatly depending on what laptop you have. If you need a step-by-step instruction for your particular laptop model, then you can take advantage of the wide range of Internet and find it either on the manufacturer's website, or use the tips of other users who already have experience such.

You will need a standard cruciform screwdriver and cable. "SATA" . If you completely replace one disc to another, then you can use the old cable. "SATA" which is already installed. Your power source may have a free connection. "SATA-Power" This process is a bit more complicated than on a laptop, but good news is that access to the disk is usually much easier than in most laptops.

- Multiple connectors are often available. But if there is no free connector, then you will need an adapter cable. If you independently collected your computer, then the necessary screws for fastening the hard disk must be initially installed in the housing of the computer unit. If not, check the spare parts set that went with the case.

Installing a disk in a laptop

Turn off the device from the electrical network, disconnect all external devices and power cables, and then move the computer enclosure to the working area. We recommend using an empty smooth free space (for example, a table), which has spacious access from all sides, and preferably without a carpet under it. If you know the configuration of the internal parts of your computer, then place the housing under any, convenient for you, an annexed angle, or you can leave it simply vertically. To access the inside of the computer, you will have to remove one or more body of the body of the case.

Remove the access panel cover, which is on the computer housing on the left, if you look at your computer in front. Most designs require you to unscrew two or three screws from the back side, and then pulled the lid along the body and removed the panel with holding loops. Some personal computers require that you remove the cover from all over the housing, and not just from the access panel. If you are not sure how you do, look at the Internet instructions for your body model. It should not be a lot of work, and you can easily find it. "SATA" Must be connected from the motherboard to the drive, and the power cable "SATA" Must connect the drive and power source.

Note : If you do not see a large computer in the case "3.5-inch" or less "2.5-inch disk" Take a minute of your time to navigate, and inspect the configuration of the internal parts of your computer. You should see the motherboard with a box power source or from above, or below the case, as well as the drive or disks of your computer installed in the front of the case. Data cable

, it can be installed elsewhere. In new designs, the disk is often behind the motherboard, so you will need to open the opposite panel to access.

If you decide not to leave your old disc on a computer as an additional disk for storing data, then it's time to take it out. Cables with which your disk has been connected to the motherboard and power source, you can leave, and connect them to a new drive, after installation.

First, disconnect the data cables and power from the rear of the old drive. There is nothing complicated in this: just pull them out of the place of attachment to the disk. Some cables have a small latch blocking mechanism that you have to first compress to disconnect them.

The drive is fixed on a special shelf with screws. The screws are supplied in various sizes and lengths (some of which include silicone gaskets for sound insulation) and can be attached to the bottom of the drive or side, depending on the design of your case. It does not matter, simply using a screwdriver, unscrew the drive screws, and set aside to not lose them. Now get your disk and carefully remove it. Be careful with him to, if necessary, you could use it else here or in another device.

Repeat the entire process in the reverse order, install a new disk instead of the old and firmly secure it with screws in the appropriate places. Now connect the cables to the new disk. Each cable is only suitable for its connections to its connections, so when you are connected, you will not be wrong.

Connect one end of the data cable. "SATA" If you add a new hard drive, and the old disk remains in its place, the procedure looks a little more difficult. You will need to install a hard disk on the shelf (select any suitable shelf from the available dial) and secure it with the mounting screws in the appropriate places, and then connect the disk with additional cables.

Now connect the power "SATA" To the rear panel of the new hard disk, and the other end is to the motherboard. Motherboard slots are usually located close to the front of the computer in a cluster having two to six connectors. It does not matter which connector you use, although you can connect it sequentially to the nearest connector, to maintain an ordered internal organization of the space of a computer block. "SATA" You will have to use an adapter or splitter.

From the power supply to a new drive. If you already have a disc, check the power cable from it, because they usually have several plugs that allow them to use them for multiple disks. If there are no free power connectors in your power source

Now all major work is completed and your hard drive is fully ready for use. Be sure to check all connections and make sure that the cables do not touch any radiators or blades of the cooling fan. Then set the previously removed case of the body of the body to place and secure them with screws in the places. Return your computer to the original position, connect all external devices and strength cables and run it.

Greetings on Fast-wolker.ru! When it comes time to change the hard disk to more capacious and fast, newcomers just put the system from scratch. We have to re-install and, programs, games. Copy in advance on the USB flash drive and so on. All this is definitely good, new it works better, and more pleasant. Lack of such a decision

- It is necessary to spend time to restore your contacts, mail programs for work, bookmarks, access to messenger or social networks. For those who want to learn to save absolutely all data today.

How to replace hard disk on a computer without removing Windows yourself?

And in fact, the replacement of the hard disk should not take a lot of time. If the time plays a role, then everything needs to be done so that the process occupy no more than one and a half hours. The result should be like this - you replaced the hard disk to the new, turned on the computer and continue to work as before replacement, with the full saving of your system and data.

Where do you start on the computer? First, download the program from the Acronis package for HDD cloning, it is part of the image for repair and recovery. You need to write an image on the USB flash drive and so far to postpone it aside. Turn off your computer from electricity and remove the side cover on the system unit:

We need to install a new HDD in the systemist. Do not forget about spare data loops and you need to check for additional power connectors on the block:

Hard drives can be connected to a motherboard in different ways, it all depends on the model and age of your computer. Only the volume of the disk plays the role - the new disk should be more old than the old one or at least the same one, otherwise you will lose the data.

Before cloning, I recommend writing the serial numbers and the brands of old and new disks. This will be needed further in the process. If they accidentally confuse them, then you will get an empty clone at the output!

After completing all the manipulations with cables and connectors, we connect the computer to the outlet and load from our semicircuit flash drive. If the disc is only purchased, you must first initialize it using the Acronis Disk Director program:

Select the desired disk, right-click the menu, select "Prinixialize the disk", and then at the very top click "Apply waiting operations":

The next stage is cloning. We launch our Acronis True Image. I used it, but you can and another similar program. Go to "Tools and Utilities":

Then choose "cloning of disks":

I choose manual mode:

Now the most responsible moment. Select the source (old) hard disk. Check out numbers not to confuse:

Next, you need to select the target (new) HDD. We recover the brand and the number to not make a mistake:

Indicate the flag "one to one" if the volumes of both disks are the same, "proportionately" if the target disk is larger than the source. You can try the "manually" option if the target disk is less than the target. But here you need to know the size of a busy and free space. I do not advise without an extreme need!

Click "Next" and the process went! Now it all depends on the performance of your "iron" and the amount of data on the source disk. The process can take from 20 minutes to 1.5 hours.

After the operation is completed, the computer will turn off. Now you can disconnect the old disk if it came into disrepair. Either, format and turn it into an additional storage. First, configure Windows downloading a new disk, if you have more than one HDD on your computer.

Video.

Change the hard disk on the computer in the BIOS (change the download disk) Most often, the key is used to enter the bios computer. Del.

At the very beginning of the download. Then, we are looking for a BOOT (download) section and looking for "Hard drives" (Hard Drives):

On modern computers, the input key to the BIOS can be F2, and the menu itself can be configured so that everything will be in Russian. You can also choose a device from the disk list, it will appear if you use the F11 or F12 keys at the very beginning of the download.

How to change the hard disk on the command line if you have more than one? It all depends on what you are going to do. For operations with disk partitions we use the command

diskpart. To view the connected disks and partitions, use the command

LIST DISK.

To select the desired disk, use the SELECT DISK command and the disk number: Now using the command List Partition

You can receive a list of selected disk sections and produce different operations with them. Another case - if the letters of the disk partitions are already known, you can use commands to work with files and paps on these sections (view, copying, deleting, etc.). Just enter the Latin letter of the desired separation section, for example, so D: The following is shown such an example of switching from a disk C: to disk D: and the next view of the disk folder using the DIR command:

So, nothing complicated, and in the command line with discs you can work if necessary. You need to know the list of commands and enter them manually. So people worked during MS-DOS. Many teams from it still work in the modern command line.

How to change the hard disk on a laptop without losing data?

A frequent cause of the replacement of HDD on laptops - need a more capacious drive or it fails due to overheating. The disk in the laptop is always one, it is impossible to connect another hard disk there. Therefore, you need to disassemble a laptop. This is the main difficulty, because the models are different. Sometimes to replace memory modules and w. The disk on the bottom cover is a special cover, it is on separate screws ...

... and often there is no such lid. More and more modern devices require full removal of the bottom cover. This requires certain skills; It is not necessary to hurry and better stock in advance by instructions on disassembling your model (YouTube):

The further process of replacement without loss of information will be undergoing in the same way described above. You need to suspend new and old discs from laptops to the computer system unit:

And start the procedure. It is noted that after transferring the laptop, the launch of the operating system is often restored if it was damaged. This is a good way! Good luck everyone!

0 Publication author Comments: 61. Publications: 386.

Registration: 04-09-2015 Greetings to you, dear visitor blog Pensermen.ru. HDD , like all the computer components, may one day fail and then it will be necessary Replacement

. And the reasons for this may be many. Of course, I do not dock in these matters, but there is no special knowledge.

Installing a disc desktop PC

And I had to me for all the time to replace the power supply and once hard. But, nevertheless, I decided to share with you this poor experience. And I urge all pensioners and teapots, they are not afraid of this computer iron as the damn ladian and everything will turn out.

Virtually any repair there is reduced to a simple replacement of the block failed. So, in order not to run through the workshop and do not turn the phone in search of the outbound master, we will deal with how to do it yourself.

Repair or replacement? Where could I buy?

A broken disc, depending on the situation, you can, of course, can be fixed. Surely in some workshop you will have a similar service. But according to the reviews of experts, the renovated hard drive still does not work for a long time. Therefore it is better to buy a new one and make it a replacement.

Buy follows in a specialized store of computer equipment. There you guarantee the original and high-quality drive. There are also a guarantee for components.

What to take into account when choosing a hard disk?

Capacity and firm The hard disk manufacturer does not matter to the motherboard and processor. Capacity is important for the user. The greater the container, the more information will fit.

For a regular home computer, the optimal capacity is 320-500 gigabytes. The manufacturer's company is better to choose a well-known and verified. Otherwise, the likelihood is very high that after some time the replacement will be required again.

Installing a disc desktop PC

So, for replacement you need a new hard drive and screwdriver:

Dismantling

Step 1: Disconnect your computer from the network. Disconnect all cords from the system unit (monitor, keyboard, etc.).

Installing a disc desktop PC

Step 2: Take a screwdriver. On the rear panel of the system unit, we find bolts that are attached side walls. Carefully unscrew them. All 4, top and bottom:

Warning! For new computers, the mounting panels are equipped with fillings. If your computer is under warranty, it is not necessary to make a replacement for a hard disk to replace it, it is better to contact the service.

Installing a disc desktop PC

Step 3: Remove the side walls. We see there a lot of wires and "all sorts of hardware", that is, a motherboard, a video card, etc. Hard disk recognizable:

Installing a disc desktop PC

It is closer to the front panel and is bolted:

Installing a disc desktop PC

Gently disconnect the cords that are attached to it. They are only 2. to remember the location is not necessary. The cords of different sizes and connectors are different, so they do not confuse and this will not become an irresistible obstacle when replacing:

Carefully from both sides we will unscrew the bolts on which the disk is attached. Bolts usually 4 or 6, as lucky. Try not to lose them, because then finding the same will be difficult.

Step 4: pull out the old disk. It can be thrown away, and you can leave as a souvenir for memory. To replace everything is ready.

Installation

Installing a disc desktop PC

Step 5: Remove the packaging from the new. Gently insert it into place for the previous one. The slots of the connectors must be directed towards the motherboard. We screw the disk on both sides:

Installing a disc desktop PC

Step 6: Attach the cords according to the connectors:

Step 7: Gently wipe dust inside the system unit. The cleanliness has never harmed anyone, and the computer will be more useful. Warning! Use soft napkins for wiping. Dust from motherboard and video cards can be brushed with a soft pile. You can not use the vacuum cleaner!

Step 8: Attach the side panels back. We screw the bolts.

Step 9: Attach all devices to the system unit. Turn on the computer.

Step 10: Since the hard drive is new and accordingly absolutely clean, you will have to reinstall the system. Usually when connected, the computer itself will ask for the installation. Insert the Windows disk and follow the instructions.

Unfortunately, when the hard disk breaks, the data that was stored on it is almost impossible to restore. Because if you are afraid of losing any important information, purchase an external hard disk.

This wonderful thing has the same properties as the usual (internal) disk. Computer communicates with a USB cord. The advantage of an external hard disk is that, trying to keep your favorite movies or music, you will not be stuck in a pile of CD and DVD discs, but to acquire such a number of Flash cards is unprofitable.

  • How to protect the hard drive from breakdown?
  • Buy only high-quality components from well-known and proven manufacturers. Only in specialized computer stores;
  • Do not expose hard drive to the impacts, the effects of high temperatures and humidity;
  • If you buy a disc in winter, do not insert it immediately, having a change with replacement. Let it lie slightly at room temperature;
  • Do not delete the program files from the hard disk if you are not sure about their accessories;
  • Install a good antivirus program on the computer;
  • Do not install dubious games and programs on a computer;
  • It is undesirable to defragment a hard disk too often;

To control the operation of the disk and eliminate possible errors or troubleshoots, use the CCleaner program. It is very easy to download on the Internet. If you comply with these basic conditions Replacing a hard disk on a computer

Maybe ever will not need or at least move away for a fairly decent time.

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