Before you go to the forest for mushrooms, it is important to explore not only well-known edible mushrooms, but also the most dangerous - deadly poisonous. After all, as they say, their enemies need to know in the face. This is necessary for your own security to prevent an error capable of leading to sad consequences.
Poisonous mushrooms in nature are not so much, even less fatally poisonous, nevertheless, the poisoning caused by mushrooms is registered every year. Often people take up due to the undervalued danger of poisonous mushrooms or simply indifference to their health. Personally, I have repeatedly met mushrooms, collecting mushrooms, which they are completely unfamiliar to the basket. Also, the methods for determining edibles sometimes cause surprise, because someone tries the raw mushrooms taste, cooks them focusing on the color of water during boiling, and sometimes just judges about edacy by smell, - all this is unacceptable!
List of deadly poisonous fungi
Well, let's start acquaintance with extremely dangerous, deadly poisonous mushrooms found in Russia and European countries. Let's talk about where they grow, with what edible mushrooms are similar to which poison is contained and how it affects the human body.
1. Pale Toyney (Amanita Phalloides)
One of the most famous and most dangerous deadly poisonous fungi. Contains amatoxins (cyclic octapeptides) and phallostoxins (cyclic heptapeptides). These substances have a strongest impact on the liver, causing necrosis of its cells, which can lead to acute liver failure and, accordingly, death. Thermal processing does not reduce the toxic effect of the fungus. The first symptoms of poisoning appear not immediately, this is usually occurring 6-30 hours from the moment of use of pale zeadding in food. A person suddenly arises a strong vomiting, diarrhea (most often with blood), pain in the muscles, the unfortunate thirst. A few days later, the work of the kidneys is disturbed, toxic hepatitis develops, consciousness is lost. Death comes usually after 8-10 days. Just half the middle mushroom cap is a deadly dose.
Pale refining is growing mainly in deciduous and mixed forests, from July to October. Forms mikurizu with oak, lime, hazel. It is found in single or small groups in Russia, Belarus, Ukraine, European countries and North America. It has similarities with a raw green, raw greenish, an in-line green (green), various floats and champignons.
2. Amanita stinky (Amanita Virosa)
Deadly poisonous mushroom, in which amatoxins that have a destructive impact on the liver. He got his name for an unpleasant smell of pulp, resembling chlorine. The symptoms of poisoning amansor stinking are identical to the symptoms of pale refining poisoning.
The mushroom grows mainly in pine and fir forests (less often in mixed and deciduous) from June to October. Meets in Russia and European countries. He loves a place with high humidity and thickets of blueberries. Amanita smelly can be confused with champignons, white umbrella and white float.
3. Amanita Spring (Amanita Verna)
Deadly poisonous mushroom containing amatoxins destroying liver. Sometimes the amansor of the spring is considered as one of the forms of pale toadstool, respectively, and poisoning with these mushrooms has the same symptoms.
Most often, the amanome spring can be found in deciduous forests (less often coniferous) from the end of May to August. It grows in Russia and in the territory of some European countries. It can be confused with an umbrella of white, various champignons, as well as a white float.
4. Galerina Ombolined (Galerina Marginata)
The mushroom is extremely dangerous, as it contains amatoxins that cause necrosis of liver cells. Signs of poisoning appear after 6-30 hours, the symptomatics is similar to the poisoning of pale toes. Approximately 20-30 of these small mushrooms can be a deadly dose.
Gallery Okimlined is widespread, it grows in Russia, in countries in Europe and Asia, in North America and Australia. In the forest, the mushroom meets from June to October, usually appears in groups (sometimes single). It grows most often on rotten wood of various breeds. Gallery bordered is very easy to confuse with summer pita, it also has a slight similarity with winter snow.
5. Govitka White (CLITOCYBE DEALBATA)
Sometimes it is referred to as a glory (Clitocybe Rivulosa). The difference in titles is associated with small external differences, but molecular-guineotic studies have shown that this is the same appearance. In the govascus, the white is contained toxin muscarine at a large concentration, and therefore mushroom refers to a group of mortally poisonous. In poisoning, a predominantly nervous system is affected, strong gastrointestinal poisoning (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea) occurs, among other symptoms there is an increased salivation and sweating, impairment and respiration, arrhythmia. Symptoms begin to manifest themselves after 0.5-2 hours after the use of mushrooms in food. With musarine poisoning, atropine is used as an antidote.
Hovwashka whitish fruits from July to November, sometimes appears in large groups in glades, meadows, forest cuttings and parks. It grows on the territory of the moderate zone of the Northern Hemisphere (Russia, European countries, Asia and North America). The mushroom has similarities with edible dieseller and a little with a meadow noon.
6. Beautiful Mopelik (Cortinarius Rubellus)
The mushroom has an Orellanin, causing irreversible changes in the kidneys, also toxin affects the respiratory organs and the musculoskeletal system. The poison has a slow effect and the first signs of poisoning in the form of weakness, thirst, pain in the lumbar region and the stomach appear only after 3-15 days (the sooner symptoms appear, the heavier the degree of poisoning). Later, chills appears, nausea, vomiting, noise in the ears, confusion of consciousness, pain in the limbs. Almost half of the cases are acute renal failure, capable of leading out. A deadly dose can be only 30-50 grams of mushrooms.
The coiner is growing beautiful from May to September (most actively in August-September) single or small groups in Europe. In Russia, he was discovered in the north and in the center of the European part. It is found primarily in coniferous forests, less often in mixed, forms mikuriza with her fir, loves places with high humidity, often appears among the moss. There is no information about close external similarity with any edible mushrooms.
Also mention should also be a Mountain or Orange-Red (Cortinarius ORELLANUS), which has a lot of similarity with the web is beautiful and is even more dangerous (the maintenance of Orellanin in it above). This mushroom is rare in Europe, it was not found in Russia.
7. Ordinary Stitch (Gyromitra Esculenta)
Often, this mushroom belongs to the category of conditionally edible, nevertheless need to remember that in the raw form it is deadly poisonous. The hydrine contained in the lines is a toxic substance, the main target of which is the liver and blood cells. Symptoms of poisoning appear 5-8 hours after the use of mushrooms in food. Initially, diarrhea appears, vomiting, general weakness, pain in the stomach, violation of heart rhythm, convulsions, in the future the development of toxic hepatitis and anemia is possible. It is worth noting that the amount of toxin in mushrooms can be very different. It depends on the geographic position, time of year, the composition of the soil, weather and the age of the fruit body. The shadow line is usually eaten after boiling (sometimes double) or long drying (about 6 months). However, in some sources it is indicated that these types of culinary processing only reduce the concentration of the hydrometry in mushrooms, but do not completely remove it. In my opinion, the line is better to always leave in the forest and do not risk their health.
The mushroom grows mainly in coniferous forests (pine) on cutting, near the paths, in small dials. It is found both singly and groups from the end of March to the end of May. The line is common distributed in Russia, European countries and in North America. It has similarities with a conditionally edible line of a giant, which is much more commonly assembled by mushrooms.
8. Stitching Autumn (Gyromitra Infula)
Sometimes it is considered conditionally edible, in the raw form - deadly poisonous. Contains gyromeitrine capable of destroying liver and red blood cells. The symptoms of poisoning are the same as in the poisoning line of ordinary. There are people who use the lines of autumn in food after boiling or long drying. I do not recommend this if you take care of your health.
In the forest, the lines of autumn usually meets from August to October. It grows by singly or groups on the rotting wood of coniferous and hardwood, less often appears on the soil. Known on the territory of all Eurasia, as well as in North America. Similarities with other types of mushrooms has no.
9. Miscellaneous Potyar (Inocybe Erubescens)
Muskarine is present in the mushroom in an incredibly large concentration, which definitely puts it in a series of deadly poisonous. Toxin influences mainly on the nervous system. Characteristic signs of poisoning are chills, elevated salivation and sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, narrowing of pupils, arrhythmia, difficult breathing. In severe cases, a strong decrease in blood pressure and edema of lungs can happen. Symptoms are manifested in 0.5-2 hours after the use of fibers in food. The deadly dose of various data is 30-80 grams of mushrooms. Antidote for muscarinic poisoning is atropine.
The growth season at the Potyar's fibergone begins in May and ends in October, it is most abundantly fruits at the very beginning of autumn. It grows single or small groups in deciduous and coniferous forests, often occurs in parks and gardens. In Russia, the mushroom is distributed in the European part and in the Caucasus, he was also seen in some countries in Europe and Asia. In the spring, the fiber can be confused with the edible rogue of May. Inexperienced mushrooms can confuse her and with champignons with which it has minimal similarities.
10. Lepiota Brown-Red (Lepiota Brunneoincarnata)
One of the most dangerous fatal mushrooms, due to the presence of amatoxins, cyanides (salts of blue acid) and nitriles (sinyl acid derivatives). From the effects of ametoxins, the liver suffers from cyanides and nitriles - the nervous and respiratory system. Among the primary symptoms of poisoning, strong headache, dizziness, tachycardia, breathing slowing, nausea and vomiting are distinguished. Later symptoms are jaundice, convulsions, loss of consciousness, oppression of reflexes, involuntary urination and defecation, liver failure, respiratory stop. Signs of intoxicating cyanides and nitriles are manifested quickly, after only 10-30 minutes after the use of mushrooms in food, amatoxins - after 6-30 hours. Antidotes in the poisoning of cyanides are glucose, sodium thiosulfate, nitroglycerin, methylene blue dye.
According to some data, Lepiota brown-red is found in many European and some Asian countries, but it does not grow in Russia. However, on the forums you can meet messages about finding these mushrooms in Rostov, Leningrad, Vladimir and other areas. Mushroom loves to appear in the open area, in the meadows, park lawns. It grows more often by small groups from June to September. It has similarities with edible umbrellas, but differs from them significantly smaller sizes.
11. Lepiota Pinkish (Lepiota Subincarnata)
Madly poisonous, as it contains amatoxins that cause irreversible changes in the tissues of the liver. The poisoning is characterized by the appearance of abdominal pain, strong vomiting, diarrhea with blood. A few days later, toxic hepatitis, nephropathy, liver insufficiency, loss of consciousness occur. Symptoms appear 6-30 hours after the use of mushrooms in food.
Lepiot pinkish grows in Russia and many European countries, from July to October. It appears singularly or groups in coniferous and deciduous forests (mainly where there are oaks and cocks). It is often found in the grass in the meadows, in the armor, sometimes in the parks. Like all lepiotes, it has similarities with an umbrella of a bird and an umbrella of red, which is easy to distinguish in much larger sizes of the fruit body.
12. Lepiota Castanea (Lepiota Castanea)
Another deadly poisonous mushroom from the genus "Lepiota", in which amatoxins of the destroying liver are present. The symptoms of poisoning is the same as in the poisoning by other mushrooms (pale refining, lepiota pinkish, gallery bordered, etc.) containing a group of poisonous substances containing this group.
The fruiting of the lepiota chestnut usually occurs from July to September. You can meet it in Russia (European part and Siberia), as well as in various European countries. The mushroom grows predominantly small groups in deciduous and mixed forests, often appears in the gardens, parks, next to forest paths. Lepiota chestnist has small sizes, in comparison with umbrella-like membranes similar to it, so it is quite difficult to confuse them.
13. Pork thin (Paxillus Involutus)
Currently it is established that the mushroom can be mortally toxic. The antigen was found in the porchka, which falling into the human body is able to fix on the erythrocyte membranes. In response to this, the immune system can develop antibodies and, accordingly, begin to attack erythrocytes with an antigen (autoimmune reaction). In this case, the erythrocyte will be destroyed, and the antigen will attach to a new blood cell, which is waiting for the same fate. If the process becomes massive - hemolytic anemia develops. Poisoning comes far from always and not all people. The more mushrooms eat a person during the life, the more antigens accumulates and the higher the risks for health. Early symptoms of poisoning - vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain. Later it is possible to appear jaundice, hemoglobin in the urine, skin pallor. It will end everything can acute renal and respiratory failure.
Pork thin grows from June to October in Russia and Europe. It appears usually by groups (sometimes single) in deciduous and coniferous forests, occurs in parks and urban squares. Many people are still confident in the safety of twist, and claim that they ate and eat them without consequences. Nevertheless, the poisonousness of these mushrooms should be seriously expelled. Remember that boiling does not eliminate the poisonous properties of the fungus!
A few words finally
At the end of the article I would like to say that in nature, in addition to deadly poisonous fungi, there are and simply very poisonous. First of all it Amanita Pantry (AMANITA PANTHERINA) Muscarine containing, hallucinogens (muscimol, Ibothenic acid), as well as toxins Skptolamine and hyoscyamine, which are part of such poisonous plants like Belen and Duman. This mushroom also has a substantial resemblance to the edible amanitarian gray-pink.
Among other severe poisonous fungi should be allocated Tiger rogue (Tricholoma Pardinum) and Anntola poisonous (Entoloma Sinuatum), which occur quite rarely and contain unknown toxins. Exactly dangerous mushrooms from the genus "Volokonnitsy" may be very dangerous (almost all of them are poisonous or inedible). With caution you need to treat some mushrooms from the genus "Cointer", due to their insufficient learning.
My story about the most poisonous mushrooms approached the end. I hope the information set out in the article will avoid getting into your baskets of dangerous fungi. Successful to you hiking in the forest, friends!
I organize gastronomic mushroom tours - I drive people to the forest so that they learn to determine mushrooms.
Member of the St. Petersburg Micheological Society, Mushroom Guide
And also lead a public in Vkontakte "Mushrooms and Mushroomniki St. Petersburg. Judging by the issues in the group, many people do not distinguish the cheese and white mushroom - and therefore can choose.
In order not to choose, you need to unmistakably distinguish poisonous mushrooms and remember the main rule of the mushroom: "Doubt - do not take."
In this article I gathered seven poisonous fungi, which are found in the forests of Russia - remember how they look, before going to mushrooms.
What to do when poisoning mushrooms
If you ate a poisonous mushroom, drink some water glasses, call vomiting and accept activated carbon or other sorbent. It is also worth acting if the mushroom ate a child. After washing the stomach, go to the hospital immediately.
If it became bad after any mushrooms - also consult a doctor.
What looks like. Hat diameter 5-10 centimeters , width with palm, more often Pale green colors. Height leg 5-10 cm , cylindrical shape with thickening at the base and a characteristic rings-skirt in the middle.
The color of the leaf can vary from white to grayish-green - depending on where it grows.
Where grows. The leafing prefers heat and illuminated areas, it is found primarily in wide forests - next door to birch, linden and oak. Growing both one and groups - because of this Inexperienced mushroom pickers can confuse pale custinula with green cheese.
What is dangerous mushroom. For the deadly poisoning of an adult man is enough halves. At the same time, the toxicity of the leafing is not reduced even after cooking, freezing or drying.
The main danger is that the first symptoms are nausea, an increase in temperature, chills - may appear only in a day after poisoning and pass through Two or three days After eating the mushroom in food. At this point, the patient may seem like he recovered.
Then more serious symptoms are joined: jaundice, cramps, rapid heartbeat, clouding consciousness, diarrhea with blood. They are associated with severe liver damage. Sometimes the only chance for the salvation of the patient is its transplantation.
What looks like. Hat diameter 5-8 cm , White and glossy. Young mushrooms have a hat resembling a ball, adults are revealed to almost flat shape.
The leg with a height of 8-12 cm, often has no rings, rough surface. The name of the mushroom received due to the unpleasant smell of a wet rag.
Where grows. It is common in coniferous forests, less often - in mixed. May grow a single, can be huge glades. Inexperienced mushrooms can confuse the smelly amanita with an edible cap by a ringed or forest champignon.
What is dangerous mushroom. Contains the same toxins at the same concentration as its closest relative - pale custodia. Amazes liver and kidneys, no antidote.
Symptoms of poisoning smelly agarity are the same as after the use of pale toadstool: pain in the abdomen, nausea and chills appear a few hours after meals, in a couple of days - signs of severe liver damage.
What looks like. This is a small mushroom: a hat with a diameter 1-3 cm , more often brownish shade, with slightly ribbed edges. Thin leg, more often Dark brown With whitening.
Where grows. Gallery can be found on wet areas of forests and rotting wood - birch, aspen, spruce. Mushroom grows singly and groups, because of which Inexperienced mushroom pickers can confuse gallery with a pit.
What is dangerous mushroom. Contains the same toxins as a pale custody with a stinking amanome, sometimes even in greater concentration. But because of the small Sizes One mushroom Do not poison: the deadly dose for an adult is about 30 mushrooms.
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What looks like. The diameter of the hat can be from 3 to 8 cm, but regardless of the size in the center there is always a stupid tubercle. The color is more often red-brown, plates grown to the leg. Height leg 5-12 cm , with thickening at the base.
Where grows. More often meets groups, mainly in coniferous forests.
What is dangerous mushroom. Contains orellanins - toxins that cause renal failure. At the same time, the poison acts slowly, serious lesions in the body occur within about two weeks.
The line of ordinary
What looks like. The hat can grow from 3 to 15 cm, more often Dark brown Colors, wrinkled. Leg Light cream Sometimes it makes a single whole hat.
Where grows. The line prefers coniferous forests with sandy soil, also often grows on burnt sections. May meet with groups of several pieces.
What is dangerous mushroom. In the raw form is deadly poisonous. Many mushrooms twice lean the lines and eat, but the cunningness of the fungus is toxin of the gyromeitrine, which accumulates in the body and affects the liver and nervous system.
What looks like. Hat diameter 3-15 cm , Dirty brown Colors, the young mushroom bent to the leg, at the old - cone-shaped form. The plates are down on the leg, when pressing darkened.
Where grows. Thin twist is found in all types of forests, and still in urban parks, squares and courtyards. Often grows in large groups.
What is dangerous mushroom. Previously, thin twist attributed to edible mushrooms, so some mushroom skins still consider it safe. But in 1993, after analyzing scientific research, the Russian SanEpidnadzor recognized this mushroom to poisonous.
Thin twist perfectly accumulates radioactive Ceziy-137. And copper, but this is not the main danger. The fungus contains toxins that accumulate in the body and are able to cause hemolytic anemia - the destruction of blood cells, which can lead to renal failure.
In this case, the effect is manifested immediately, but years of regular use. But people with a particularly strong response to the components of the mushroom mushroom can be the second case of twist.
What looks like. This is a big mushroom: a hat with a diameter of up to 12 cm, from gray to olive color, often covered with white flakes. The leg is white, with thickening at the base, often there is a ring.
Where grows. It is found in coniferous forests, forms Mikariz with her fir.
What is dangerous mushroom. Inexperienced mushrooms are often confused by the amanita panthen with edible agricultural gray-pink. But the panthen contains two groups of toxins that affect the psyche and cause food poisoning. After a couple of hours after use, nausea appears, diarrhea, breathing difficulty and hallucination.
- Do not touch and do not tear the mushrooms that you are unknown.
- Do not check for taste, do not learn mushrooms in the forest. There is an ancient myth that if you lie down the mushroom and he does not grieve - it means he is edible. It is not true.
- Do not believe another myth that after boiling mushrooms, the concentration of poisons decreases.
- If possible, go for mushrooms only with experienced mushrooms.
- Observe the rule "doubt - do not take."
I am not ahti what kind of mushroom. In Stary Oskol collected some oils. In Belgorod, somehow went on a naughty. But in the Vladimir region they drove me on chanterelles, white mushrooms and freight.
It seems to be aware of the most poisonous mushrooms, but still still know a new one about them ...Fifth place - Hovwashka whitish
This mushroom is widespread, occurs not only in the forests, but also in the fields, in the glades, in the parks. Alone is rarely growing, it is more common to colonia, grows rings. It can be seen from mid-summer and October month. It has a bright convex cap with a grayish chain, growing up to the maximum, becomes funk-shaped. It has a soft leg, which darkens when pressed, and even in normal form is distinguished by blowing spots.
The eaten mushroom causes a strong decrease in pressure, the increase in the pulse, sweating. Tears can go from the eyes. It is necessary to hospitalize and washing the stomach, also the patient give an antidote to preserve his life.Fourth place - false chanterelle
In general, all false mushrooms are very dangerous, it concerns both chanterelles and false. Chanterelles differ from the present shade, having a more rich yellowish-orange color. False lumps grow without rings under the hat. Poisoning with these mushrooms causes strongest vomiting, diarrhea, temperature increase. Hospitalization of the patient and the provision of full-fledged medical care is necessary. It should not be considered that alcohol helps to cope with mushroom poisons, in fact it increases their suction, creating even greater risks for the body.Third place - Amanita Pantic
Amanitors are often eaten by eating with edible species, because they also exist. But the red amanome, which can eat, has a brighter color, and he does not happen brownish. The Panther Moon grows from the end of July or August to October both in coniferous forests and in deciduous. His hat is brownish, it also happens to a brown, gray, there are white dots on it, which can be easily knocked down from the cap. The toxicity of the fungus is high, chances to survive depend on the number of eaten and the rate of medical care. Urgent hospitalization and medical care is necessary. Symptoms manifests itself in the attacks of choking 2 hours after the enhancement of the mushroom, the person starts convulsions, he loses consciousness.Second place - White Topging
Despite the fact that the deaths of the use of this mushroom are less, it is even more dangerous. Many mushrooms are reasonably avoiding him because of a specific smell, but some people are still risking to use coniferous and mixed forests in food. It grows from June to November, has a white color and a tapered hat, loves raw places. White leafling has a thin leg, a hat is covered with mucus. For strong poisoning, a small piece is quite small, the reception of which leads to pains in the stomach, strong salivation, seizures. It is an extremely poisonous mushroom, which gives symptoms only after 2 hours when the poison has already spread through the body.The most dangerous mushroom in Russia
The most dangerous mushroom in Russia is a pale custody. It really resembles edible mushrooms, and therefore it is often in a basket of a mushroom, with all the ensuing consequences. The rigging is similar to Champignon, sometimes it is confused with raw materials. It dwells in mixed and coniferous forests, where it is highlighted with a gray or white smooth hat, a small thin leg. 100 gr. The mushroom is enough to get strongest poisoning. At the same time, the cooking, drying and other events from the poison mushroom do not save.
Poisoning can serve symptoms only after two days, expressed in the form of diarrhea, vomiting, reduced pressure, headaches. Medicinal assistance is needed, otherwise the situation can become fatal.
But you stillThe most dangerous plants of Russia.
Do you know that according to statistics from poisonous fungi dies from 800 to 1200 people annually? And this is the number of people only in our country. To avoid a similar fate, the enemy needs to know in the face.
This article contains 10 most poisonous fungi of Russia, which are considered the most dangerous to humans.
1. Reling pale
One of the most poisonous fungi. Most fatal outcomes occurs due to the use of this mushroom or contact with it. Externally, this mushroom is difficult to distinguish from raw and champignons.
Pale refraining looks like this: a hat of olive color with plates on the back side, the leg is long with a skirt. If such a mushroom met in the forest, it is better not to touch him at all.
2. Amanita smey
The mushroom is very similar to pale cheese. Color and size is almost the same, only color is significantly lighter. This kind of ammoroman dwells in raw dark places.
They take place less than pale breadpage. All because of the vile smell of rotten meat. Such a mushroom is not what is, it is even in hand to keep it unpleasant.
3. Amanita Pantry
Very toxic fungus, after eating food kills a person in 5-9 minutes. It is easy to distinguish, has a brown with a white flakes with a hat and a small thickened leg.
White mushroom flesh, with an unpleasant smell. The mushroom grows in almost all climatic belts of Russia.
4. Beat taper
Mushroom - bearing death. The content of poison in this mushroom is greater than in the poisonous mumor. Small mushroom. Hat in diameter 4-6 cm, the leg is short and thin.
Honor refers to lamellar mushrooms. The color of the mushroom is white, on the hat eating a torment raid. Snow white flesh flies on a cut.
5. False Lisuk
It is found in the same places where ordinary chanterelle lives. False chanterelle is very similar to its edible double.
The main differences of a poisonous mushroom: the leg is thinner, what is real chanterelle; plates on the leg do not go; The color is bright orange (real chanterelles lighter); Growing apart. A poison mushroom gives a sharp unpleasant smell.
6. Satanian mushroom
Poisonous representative of the genus Borovikov. Mushroom hat fleece, porous, dirty and white or gray.
Mushroom is easy to distinguish the leg. It is a bright raspberry shade, sometimes with a yellow tide. In the context acquires a blue shade.
7. Syroezhka Zhghead
It is almost impossible to distinguish a poisonous variety from the cheesery. This is a lamellar mushroom with a pink or red hat and white leg.
The only difference is: the pulp on the cut with time darkens. Poisonous mushroom is also called a sickening raw, as it causes persistent disorders in the digestive system.
8. Rastechnik red
This beautiful mushroom is listed in the Red Book because of its not an ordinary structure in the form of a cell. It has a red hat and sickening smell of swamp rot.
Such a mushroom is unlikely to want to collect and eat.
9. Gymnopilus beautiful
This forest inhabitant is the strongest hallucinogen. Mushroom grows large colonies to several dozen individuals.
Gymnopilus has a characteristic appearance: it is bright orange small mushrooms on a thin leg. They are sometimes confused with some edible mushrooms. Gymnopilus needs to be bypass, you can not even touch your hands.
10. Voyi False
This mushroom never grows alone, in his colonies to count from 7-12 pieces. Voyi false outwardly very similar to its edible fellow. The only distinctive feature is a sharp smell of Khrena.
Already poisonous are false sides. These mushrooms are characterized by a more yellowish or reddish tint of color and are also growing with groups.
False from all 3 types.
- And the so-called kandol feet.
All of them are extremely dangerous, they can be poisoned until the fatal outcome!
Russia has a large number of poisonous fungi. In order not to become a victim of the "quiet hunting", it is necessary to observe the important rule: unfamiliar mushrooms to take forbidden!
Be careful and careful!
The most dangerous and "popular" mushrooms include all types of mumoric and pale custodia. They are able to destroy the work of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular, nervous systems, completely affect the brain. And no heat treatment will help to neutralize mortal poisons contained in these mushrooms. However, there are also other poisonous mushrooms that are no less dangerous. This article will teach you to recognize inedible mushrooms.
The most common poisonous mushrooms
"Meat of the Earth", as sometimes called mushrooms, really has a unique taste, which is so manitis of lovers of quiet hunting again and again look for mushroom places. Experienced "hunters" for a delicacious nature of nature are well aware of that the most common and dangerous among poisonous include such:
- brick-red false beans;
- gray-yellow false bearing;
- smelly amanita;
- Satanian (false white);
- Pantry Municipal;
- false vite;
- false chanterelle;
- Reling pale.
It is important to know about the existence of conventionally edible, impact on the body selectively in accordance with the circumstances. In the worst case, such mushrooms can cause medium and medium-heavy poisoning. These include:
This category of mushrooms in its composition has poison resins, adversely affecting the state of the digestive system. The role of an antidote can play appropriate treatment: long-lasting soaking in the water, which must be changed periodically, the salting with an exhibition of at least 1.5 months.
Characteristic signs of poisonous fungi
Nor in the world of animals, no plants exist "twins" with similar external signs, but completely different in nature. But with mushrooms just happening. For example, the same kind is divided into harmless and poisonous, while they are very difficult to distinguish if you do not know the main false signs.
Each type of poisonous mushroom growing in Russia has its own characteristics that you need to know who is not ready to exclude from your diet self-collected mushrooms. In order not to make a fatal mistake, you need to study in detail and remember the description of the fungi harmful to health and life.
Carefully consider the appearance of the fungus, the color of the caps and plates, the shape of the legs, the condition of the pulp on the cut is the main rule.
This is the most famous poisonous mushroom in the world, has the second name - the amanita green. It appears from the middle of the summer to a deep autumn, can grow by groups or alone. Loves pine and deciduous forests, especially on the edges. It is found in Russia, in many European countries and even in America.
In the first stage of development, the hat is similar to the bell, then becomes convex. Its surface attracts its velvety and perfect smoothness. The diameter of the Hats - 4-11 cm. Beaded plates and a white leg.
To distinguish it from edible mushroom, you need to show exceptional attentive care. Pale refraining is first covered with a solid white film. Then she turns around over time and rims are formed around the leg, and there is still a cover of roar in the form of a bag-shaped thickening.
The danger of the leafing consists not only in the presence of deadly toxins, but also that it is extremely similar to everyone's favorite champignons or raw materials. The populations of those and others are observed in similar places, they have the same color with edible mushrooms, the shape of the legs.
And, unfortunately, they are often confused, condemning themselves to heavy poisoning, after which not everyone manage to get out alive. After all, the sir-stacked polar keys contained and dissolve in water without losing their destructive properties. It is enough to use 50 g of cheesery, and the death is guaranteed.
There is a variety of leafing like two drops of water similar to Champignon. It has a purely white color than it is of interest. But it is worth a little closer, and it will become clear that this is another trick of these semi-semi-semistle creatures. Plates under a hat are the same white and merge with white mushroom. At champignons, they first pinkish, and during the ripening period they darken.
There are drugs capable of eliminating the effect of the strongest toxins contained in the custody. But, unfortunately, the symptoms of poisoning this mushroom for a long time hidden (up to 2 days), which is most often the cause of death, when the precious time is missed to save the victim.
Pale refraining does not have a familiar mushroom fragrance. It is not for nothing in vain called stench.
This giant externally looks like a white mushroom or a dubovik, and is also attractive. Often it is found in oak or mixed forests of Russia. It can be found in the middle lane, European countries. The period of active growing occurs in June-September.
The Hat of this "Monster" can reach 25-30 cm, its color is gray or with an olive tint. The leg with a mesh pattern gradually changes its shade - at first it is yellow, then becomes yellow-red. Its height - from 5 to 15 cm, thickness - up to 10 cm.
The plates under the Hat also change the color depending on the stage of the mushroom development: first greenish, then yellow, orange, red, brown-red.
If the Satanian mushroom is cut, then the white flesh will first become a pink, then it will take. A cut-off young mushroom smells a rotten onion, mature - Padal.
More attractive mushroom than amansor, in particular red, can hardly be found. Its image with perfect forms is often becoming for unreleased mushroom collectors, especially children, fatal.
Its habitat is not limited to the territory of Russia, it grows with the same success in European, Asian countries, and even in Australia.
It is important to know that this mushroom has a different color: from white, greenish, gray to bright red. A hat can reach 20 cm. In the course of ripening on the surface of the cap, white flakes are formed. It is a red hat in white polka dot and is the main attractive factor.
He loves to draw children, artists, according to his image and similarity, create children's and christmas toys. Amanita and in fact decorate the forest. But it is very important to remember that admire this mushroom is better at a distance. His poison is so strong that it acts instantly. Especially he does not spare those who are weak health, so such people practically fail to save from death.
Amanita smelly - the most poisonous of all his fellow. It looks not so attractive and looked like a ceremony. He has a cone-shaped yellowish hat. The slice makes a malware smell.
In the people, it was often used as a remedy for harmful insects. People's healers used drugs based on a toastic agent in the treatment of nerve diseases.
Grates whole families, is a representative of lamellar mushrooms. It appears in coniferous and deciduous forests, as well as in parks, artificial forest belts at the beginning of May and retains its populations until August. Meets in Asia, and in Europe.
At a young age, she has a white cone-shaped hat, it is easy to confuse with a champignon. With age, she turns yellow, and then blushes. The edge of the cap, the diameter of which from 3 to 9 cm, the wave-like and with time cracks. The preceded plates are sophisticated, first they are white, then darken and acquire a brown tint. The cylindrical leg of a small height mushroom is just 1.5 cm. It has a smooth surface, in color merges with a hat.
On a cut, white pulp only slightly pink and attracts a soft fruit aroma. An important feature: the whole mushroom of the same color, the leg below has a noticeable thickening.
His homeland can be Europe, the Caucasus and the Far East. It seems that he resembles a mokhovik or maslin. As a rule, it appears next to the butters, it grows one by one. Therefore, you need maximum attention to recognize a poisonous mushroom in it.
Its main signs: the hat has bulge, the color of red or brown. The underwrite layer is yellowish with a red or brown tint, a tubular substance.
On the cut, the pulp is first yellowish, then a reddish tint appears. His most characteristic sign is the sharpest bitterness, many times more burning than black pepper.
Govitka is stuck
Grows in open areas covered with grass: meadows, parks, squares, forest edges. It can be found throughout Russia and many European countries. The dimensions of the fungus are small: the maximum diameter of the hat is 6 cm. While the fungus is young, it is convex, in a mature state - concave. White underwood plates at pressing immediately darken. The leg is high, straight, to the bottom slightly narrows.
The danger of this mushroom is its external appeal. It is difficult to recognize a poisonous mushroom, it has a fairly pleasant smell, white color. However, it is necessary to remember the main distinguishing feature: the preceded plates are fascinated with the leg.
This mushroom contains toxin muscarine, capable of hitting the digestive organs, heart, gland.
Taking into account the fact that the birth of the waiting at young age is practically no different from the edible mushroom of the family of ordinary, it is better not to touch it. Moreover, edible fungus does not differ by pleasant taste.
Other poisonous mushrooms
False Vyuy. It differs from edible the fact that there are no scars on the hat.
Fasteners are false They have a brighter orange color, and the plates under the hat are a much greater value than edible.
Fasteners are false
Openers false They differ from the gray-green color of the inner part of the hat, and there is no rim on the leg. They also give out an unpleasant odor, which is extremely far from mushroom.
In order not to confuse bile mushroom With a boletus or white, also determine its suitability for a cut. The bile will manifest a pinkish tint, white will not have change, in the boletus - will darken.
Rogs of poisonous They have difficult recognizable differences from conditionally edible and cheesecakes. Poisonous are equipped with a cone cap or flat, in the middle - a small sharp tubercle. Color hats from smoky gray, green to bright yellow. If you do an incision, the pink color is manifested.
Rogs of poisonous
Occassed gallery It dwells in the coniferous forest, it is very similar to the okey, but differs from it the lack of a ring on the leg.
Features of poisoning
When eating any poisonous mushrooms, the following symptoms are observed in humans:
- Acute pain in the abdomen area (stomach and intestines).
- Nausea and vomiting.
- The head is spinning.
- Weakens consciousness or his loss.
If you get into the body of individual species of inedible mushrooms, other signs may occur. For instance, death cap Causes a condition that can be divided into 3 phases:
- The hidden lasts from 60 minutes to 1.5-2 days.
- The defeat of the digestive system is from 1 to 2 days.
- Violation of the kidney and liver - the next day.
The first stage is dangerous absence of symptoms. The second entails severe vomiting, pain in the head, diarrhea, cutting in the stomach, severe weakness. During this period, urgent measures must be taken, which can guarantee the salvation of the patient. The last phase is the appearance of a chair in the form of a fly, the skin turns yellow, the blood is found in the urine, the vomit is similar to the coffee thickness. At this stage, it is very difficult to preserve the patient's life, most often likely the fatal outcome.
Mushroom Satanian It is one of the most cunning, because the human body does not submit any signals for poisoning for 12 hours. During this time, deadly toxins have time to hit the internal bodies of the victim. Only after half the day appear first signs: vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness. This symptoms are added by the yellowness of the skin, eyeballs, heartbeat interruptions. Watering the color of dark beer, a noticeable increase in liver, clouding consciousness is a critical condition, when it is almost impossible to save a person from death.
Torman Causes strong cutting pain in the field of peritoneum, liquid chair, strong sweating, excessive selection of saliva, tear, pupils are narrowed to the limit. Poisoned is a strong heat, increased excitement, is likely hallucinations, inseparable speech.
This videos presents visual information on the main signs, similarities and differences of inedible mushrooms and edible:
First aid for poisoning
Stomach washing - the most important thing is that it is necessary to do with the first suspicion of poisoning inedible mushrooms. This procedure can be done at home. It must be repeated up to 5 times. The victim should drink at least 5-6 glasses of water, and then cause artificial vomiting. To do this, take a spoon and put pressure on the root.
After the data of the patient's manipulations, they are sent to bed, the warmers are laid down limbs, they attack it with strong black tea. In the first stage (shortly after the adoption of poisonous mushrooms), in the absence of diarrhea, they give lightly laxatives. It is necessary to monitor arterial pressure to prevent a sharp decline to which laxatives can lead, dehydrating the body.
It is further desirable to use absorbent drugs, the most common of which is activated carbon. It is able to remove toxins and neutralize the body.
All these actions should be done immediately until the ambulance will arrive that you need to call in advance.
How many times repeated the world how dangerous poisonous mushrooms, but, unfortunately, not all people behave wisely, eating dubious species. No one calls to give up mushrooms, because it is enough to learn how to correctly recognize them, and the risk of getting poisoning will be reduced to zero.
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Mushrooms are one of the useful and beloved products. They have a lot of vitamin A, potassium salts, phosphorus, nicotine acid and other substances needed by the human body. People who often eat mushrooms, are less likely to ill viral diseases, have strong nails, gentle, elastic skin and silky hair.
But not all their types are safe for health. In the world there is a mass of mushrooms containing toxins. Their eating can cause death or disability. The article presents a list, which includes the most dangerous mushrooms growing in different parts of the planet.
The most poisonous mushroom in the world growing in all forests on Earth. Prefers wet soils devoid of light. In the pale loyal pair of toxins - Fallotine and Amanitin. Their combination causes renal and liver failure. In order for the patient to survive, the doctors emerge for the transplant of damaged organs. Further, a long period of rehabilitation is followed, during which the body is completely restored and purified from the poison.
Plate mushroom from the non-English family, which is part of the top 10 hazardous plant organisms in the world. It grows throughout the territory of the Crimea and settled on the fallen, fired or sick trees. In its chemical composition there is a muscarine - toxin, which leads to poisoning.
Mushroom from the British family, unsuitable for eating due to the high concentration of the AMATOXINS poison. The phyolyotine is growing wrinkled in the forests of Europe, Asia and in the northern part of America. If it is inserted into the inwards of the human body, there is strong poisoning, which, without timely, leads to a fatal outcome.
Mushrooms are the most ancient inhabitants of the planet. Scientists believe that they appeared over 400 million years ago and survived other plants due to the ability to adapt to the changing environment.
The second name of the mushroom is a raw cheerful. It contains the same toxin as soflot olin. Its eating is fraught with strong poisoning, accompanied by vomiting, violation of the work of the GCT and the exacerbation of chronic diseases of the digestive tract.
You can meet it in areas with a temperate climate, mainly in the northern hemisphere. A large number of fungi of this species begins to appear from July to September. Amanita Panthene contains at once two toxin - muscarine and muscaridine, and the presence in its composition of the scopolamine makes it deadly.
In North America, the mushroom is called "Messenger of Death", since it is a source of alpha-amanitine and groups of amatoxins provoking the rapid necrosis of internal organs. Parallel toxins from Amanita Ocreata suppress proteins synthesis, increase the pressure in the cranial box and cause sepsis. Without the help of doctors, a person dies after 1-2 weeks from the moment of the use of the mushroom.
Growstones grow by groups in America and in the territory of European states, including the Northwest of Russia. In the 19th century, they prepared strong antiviral agents to combat various diseases. In the 21st century, the greenflower is recognized as a poisonous mushroom with a high concentration of toxins. They cause spasms of the respiratory system, nausea and severe poisoning.
Mushroom can be found in Russia and the CIS countries. He loves coniferous and mixed forests, forest stocks and thick thickets in areas with temperate climates. The use of a small amount of twist is subtle is accompanied by light poisoning, and the reception in food over 150 g of mushroom leads to respiratory failure and disruption of the liver.
A parasitic mushroom living on tree trunks in raw conditions worldwide, except hot countries and Antarctica. In the mucous membrane of a false-bearing and its leg contains a poison that causes poisoning, dehydration and painful death. Especially dangerous mushroom for children under 15 years old. Adults with timely appeal to ambulance may hope for recovery.
Parasitic mushroom growing among herbs and grain crops. It is often found in rye fields. Externally, it looks like a fetched grain from a black spikelet. Inside the ardent purple contains neurotoxin. It damages the nervous system, causes hallucinations and convulsive syndrome. Teeming of the armor often ends with death.
Tubular mushroom containing specific substances with a strong choleretic effect. It is not used in food not only because of toxicity, but because of the unpleasant and bitter taste. A couple of hundred years ago, people tried to cook from him dishes, but it turned out that bitterness does not disappear even with a long cooking. It is now used in the preparation of choleretic drugs.
More known as Satanic sick. This is a kind of borovikov common in oak and mixed deciduous forests. It is possible to find it in Russia, in the Caucasus, the Middle East, the territory of the Primorsky Territory and in the south of Europe. It has a pleasant smell of onions, but inconsiderable. 1-2 Satanian mushrooms lead to intoxication, as it contains glycoprotein Bolessentians and muscarine.
A row white
Beautiful, but dangerous inhabitant of birch forests. In addition to repulsive aroma, the row of white or Fribadovka is characterized by an unpleasant taste and the presence of a poison that causes failures in the work of the digestive organs and the cardiovascular system. The nearest relative is an ordinary May. But it is possible to eat it, although it is extremely difficult to distinguish from a poisonous fungus.
The most useful mushroom is white. It has substances that prevent the formation of cancer tumors and stimulating the growth of soft tissue cells.
Champignon of Yolkolivia
Distributed in Europe, America and delivered in the 20th century to Australia. It has an unpleasant chemical smell, which is several times amplified during thermal processing. It contains a complex of poisons and toxins, resulting in disruption of digestion, poisoning and severe intoxication. Treatment is based on the use of plasma-substituting solutions, receiving enterosorbents and a strict diet.
The mushroom contains a huge dose of amatoxins, in 90% of cases of strong poisoning, leading to death. The greatest amount of toxin focuses in the leg of the grade gallery, less in the hat. It grows in the northern hemisphere, mainly in Europe and Asia. Because of the appearance, the gallery is easily confused with some mushrooms suitable for food.
The line of ordinary
It dwells on the site of burnt forests, in the soil, saturated with sand, under coniferous trees. It grows only in Europe and in North America. Officially, the fungus is not recognized as poisonous, but doctors recommend not to eat it, as it is a source of a dangerous liver and the vegetative nervous system of poison called the Gyrometrin.
Govitka is stuck
Hat mushroom, which grows in Russia, Siberia and Primorsky Krai. Forms the so-called "Windy Circles". Hovwashka is a listened to the list of the most poisonous Mushrooms of the CIS, since it contains a number of toxins leading to dehydration, intoxication and death. Meanwhile, there are several varieties of mushrooms that are suitable for food. But to collect them is recommended only to experienced mushrooms.
Lepiota brown red
Beautiful and deadly fungus growing in European Union, Ukraine, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan. In Russia, he was not met, with the exception of the Crimean Peninsula. According to mycological analysis, lepiota brown-red is rich in two strong poison - nitrile and cyanide.
Another name of the mushroom is a white refinement. Grows in forests, where many coniferous trees and fir trees. Most of all the ammorov smelly in the temperate zone in the northern hemisphere. White leaf is deadly mushroom. There are many ametoxins, Fallotoxins and Virozin in it. Scientists prohibit eat and those mushrooms that lay with the crucible in one Lukushka, since hazardous substances can be converted to them.
A plate mushroom on the leg grows in European coniferous forests, mostly next to the firs. Less often occurs near oaks and beech. It is recognized as a poisonous due to the huge concentration of Olelannin - toxin, causing necrosis of the kidneys and disrupting the work of the whole organism, which often ends with death.
The football fiber or torn mushroom grows locally in Europe and in the North-West of Russia. Less distributed in the Caucasus. Close relative robes in white. The mushroom is fatally poisoned, as it contains muscarine. The concentration of poison is 20-24% higher than in a red mumor. The poisoning develops tachycardia, chills, spasm of bronchi, the fall of blood pressure and strong allergic reactions. Without medical care, the victim dies during the day.
The official name is a hydnelum pitch. This is an incredibly beautiful shapeless mushroom, which is similar to the cream with a strawberry jam. It grows in a wooded zone in Europe and North America, it is ranked towards the genus of the agricultural. But unlike his fellows, the hydnelulum of the Peka is incredible. It has poisons and toxins that disturb the functioning of the heart, liver and kidneys.
When cooking, some inedible mushrooms enhanced poisonous properties. Therefore, attempts to "reveal" toxins are fraught with fatal outcome.
Poisonous mushroom from the Sprinty family. It is found almost all over the world, except for the Arctic and deserts. Forms groups next to oaks, oaks, birchings, firings. Most often is localized from the passage tracks or in the glades. In the chemical composition of the false false poisons that cause strong poisoning. Without timely assistance, it will end with death.
Experienced mushrooms know that this mushroom is easy to confuse with edible thirsty. It grows near the sovereign and rotting trees, on wasteland or in fir-cooled. False is dangerous in what contains ketones. The substances irritate the gastric mucosa, the ulcers are formed on it, which bleed and accompanied by acute pain.
Fastener is false
Poisonous mushroom, common in Russia and CIS countries. It is considered a source of a group of substances representing the danger to the gastrointestinal tract. The person who eating a false chanterelle is experiencing convulsions, trembling limbs, his sweating increases, vomiting appears. Without fast detoxification, dehydration and development of chronic diseases of the internal organs is possible.
Tubular mushroom growing in coniferous, deciduous and mixed forests. Does not forms large groups, it grows apart 1-3 pcs. In small doses is not dangerous to health and is even sometimes used as acute seasoning, but if you eat too much a pepper mushroom, you will begin serious problems in the work of the digestive system.
Known as a small lady. It appears in the period from August to September in coniferous and mixed forests on the northern hemisphere. It is often localized in sandy soil and grows by groups. The juice of the fungus contains substances that are able to harm the body. But if the papilla is good to soak well, and then peak, its dangerous properties will disappear.
A parasitic mushroom growing on the birch trunk or dead oaks. Less often meets on seals or cedars. False brothing is dangerous not only for man, but also for plants. If he settled on the tree, then it will soon die. Mushroom refers to biotrophes. His root system penetrates the trunk deep into and kills a tree. In the human body, the mushroom toxins provoke severe poisoning that requires immediate medical care.
The mushroom grows in a spring-autumn period in raw zones on rotting trees. It can be used only in young age. It has a pleasant taste, a gentle aroma, but with time the meter and toxins and toxins accumulate in the leg. In huge doses, they cause intoxication, which is enhanced by drinking alcohol. It is due to this that it is often used in alcoholism therapy.
There are several types of false cheesecakes, but they all contain a life-threatening agent. Distinguish them from edible mushroom easily. The one that can be eating, has a bright red hat, the rest of it is white, yellow or gray. The most dangerous view of the false racks - the marsh. The fungus violates the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract leads to diarrhea and dehydration.
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Autumn came, and began the season for collecting mushrooms. Any mushroom should be well able to understand their species, be able to recognize poisonous varieties and quickly provide first medical care in case of poisoning. We will figure it together, what the most poisonous mushrooms of Russia look like and what they are dangerous for a person.
List of hazardous fungi
More than three dozen mushrooms with high toxicity are growing in our forests, often disguised under their edible fellows. The risk of poisoning them is extremely large, and novice mushrooms need to be considered. Next, in order, we will try to describe the deadly poisonous mushrooms of Russia:
Blank pale . This mushroom is considered the most poisonous among all the gifts of the forest and is dangerous in that it looks very similar to edible species. Often it can be confused with a raw ordinary or forest champignon. It grows from August to September mainly in the forests of deciduous and mixed type. Pale cake can be recognized on a smooth hat gray, white or beige color and a narrow leg thickened near the base. Even the small dose of the leaf is very toxic, and for intoxication is enough about
Amanita smelly . The poisonous representative of the kingdom of fungi belongs to the family of the Municipal, and called him so because of the disgusting smell of rot. It is found in mixed and coniferous forests from the beginning of July to the end of November, it is preferable in crude soil. His cap of the conical shape has a snow-white color, is plentifully covered with mucus and glitters, the leg is long, but thin, with a thief in the middle. The minimum amount of the fungus is enough to poison greatly. After entering the body causes convulsions, cutting into the intestines and enhanced salivation. The symptoms of intoxication, as in the case of pale chest, manifest only after a few hours, and by the time the therapy began its poison already time to hit the internal organs. Because of the stencil odor, the mushrooms often circle him by side, so according to statistics, mortality from him is low, but still this agitator variety belongs to extremely poisonous mushrooms.
Amanita Pantic. This is another representative of the kind of mumoric, which is extremely dangerous for a person. Pantry Amanita is difficult to determine correctly, the mushroom is often taken for varieties suitable for eating. It differs from his fellow Municipal Motherland, famous for his bright color. Grows from the end of July to October in short and coniferous forests. Usually lives in the neighborhood with species suitable for eating. It is possible to distinguish it along a dense hat, most often it is a brown shade, but occasionally happens to be brown or gray. Its surface is littered with a plurality of whiten flakes, which are easily separated from the skin. The leg is thin, thickened at the base. It has high toxicity, after using it in food, the chances of survival from the victim not very high. The first symptoms of poisoning are manifested two hours later. There comes a strong attack of suffocation due to spasms in bronchi and lungs, the patient starts the strongest convulsions, and he loses consciousness.
White govitka . Another kind of a poisonous kind of mushrooms, which should be mentioned, if we talk about the most poisonous mushrooms of Russia, is whitish whitish. It grows on the meadows and fields, it can occur near forest edges and pastures, sometimes in squares and parks. Growing colonies that form peculiar rings or "Witch Circles" from the end of July to the end of October. Its white shape hat, it is clearly visible a gray flare, the edges are turned off, at the last stage of development they acquire the outlines of the funnel. The leg is short, soft, cylindrical, all in stains, while pressing heavily darkens. Due to the high concentration in its tissues, Muskarin causes severe intoxication. Symptoms manifest themselves quickly, after 20 minutes the injured pressure drops, the pulse falls, there is a strong tear of the eyes, it sweats greatly. If it does not wash the stomach and give an antidote, the patient may die.
Before you recover the gifts of the forests, you should once again remind yourself how to distinguish poisonous types of mushrooms from those suitable for food and do not forget the most important rule: if there are doubts about whether the mushroom has editedly found, it is better not to risk and leave it further grow in the forest.
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The next mushroom season begins, which means it's time to get from Chulana with all sorts of basket and put forward in the woods on the fishing. But is everything so easy? Of course not. Representatives of the kingdom of mushrooms can be just as dangerous as wild animals or poisonous plants. Therefore, if you want to become an endless mushroom and at the same time to live to advanced years, it is worth introducing in advance with these unusual creatures.
Poisonous mushrooms, which in Russia occurs about 30 species, are often disguised as edible conifers, which often makes it difficult to detect them. If you carefully studied all the photos below and read descriptions, but still you can not distinguish a poisonous mushroom from suitable in food, it is better to leave it alone.
Meets: From August to the end of September
The loafing hat has yellow-brown, pale green or olive color. The edges of the hat are usually lighter than its center. On the leg on top there is a white ring. Externally, the ceremony is not much different from edible mushrooms growing in the forest, and this is doubly dangerous. Pale refraining has a strong toxic effect.
Meets: from July to October
Or as it is also called - Hovwashka Orange. A hand of false chanterelle of a bright color from orange to copper-red and shape resembles a funnel with smooth edges. The plates of bright red, the leg is about 10 cm in height, often narrowed to the base. This type of mushroom often grows by groups, less often one and always near real chanterelles. It is quite simple to distinguish them: the pulp of false chanchers has a very unpleasant smell. The mushroom is considered weakly, i.e. In order to get rid of the symptoms of poisoning, it is enough to wash the stomach.
Meets: from June to October
Mushked under its edible mushroom relative has a convex hat of yellow, pink or pale orange. In the center of the hat, the color is usually darker than around the edges. The flesh is light yellow, it smells unpleasantly and has a bitter taste. Groans large groups on rotting wood. This mushroom is poisonous, after a few hours appear symptoms of poisoning: nausea, vomiting, excessive sweating and loss of consciousness. False-bench appeared at once with four edible opes: autumn, winter, summer and gray-plate.
Meets: from mid-August to mid-September
Some consider this cousin of pale refrain by the conditionally edible mushroom. However, scientists identified the poisons that are contained in all parts of his body. The hatching of the loosening amamor is covered with large white scales and reaches up to 10 cm in diameter. Color hats of tender cream color. The leg is long thin white, there is a dense ring, which is darker shell legs and pulp. The flesh makes the smell of something similar with the aroma of fresh-purified potatoes.
Meets: From June to September
This mushroom is also considered conditionally edible, however, to bring all toxins from it, it is necessary to heat it for 10 hours. After such punitive cooking, the pulp becomes absolutely inedible. Externally, the Satanian mushroom is similar to a regular Borovik, but unlike Borovka, it actively produces and accumulates dangerous toxic substances that affect the liver, spleen and nervous system. A hat has a green, olive or brown color and in individual instances can reach 40 cm in diameter. It is quite simple to determine the cunning mushroom: on a cut, the leg for 5 minutes becomes blue first, and then bright red color: the interaction of poison with oxygen from the atmosphere occurs.
Meets: From the middle of summer in the middle of autumn
Among the harmless representatives of the kind of cheese makers there is a dangerous saboteur, which is capable of delivering a lot of troubles on your dining table - this is a raw zhugu-caustic. It is almost impossible to distinguish the seashet from red crops, at least until the disputes are matured, which paint the plates from the inside into the hidden color. Since the symptoms of the poisoning of the pioneer raw are mastered under normal food poisoning, the mushroom can not suspect a long time about the reason that the disaster involved with him. All parts of the cheese of burning food are characterized by a bitter taste and a sense of strong burning after touching lips and tongue.
Meltnik gray pink
Meets: Since August to the end of October
In most countries, the Meltnik gray-pink is counted for dangerous poisonous mushrooms, toxins of which tend to accumulate in liver and kidney cells. It is manifested in the form of bronchial asthma, some patients can begin toxic hypathite. Hat the flashlight color varies from gray-pink to light red. Form rounded, reminds a funnel. Centricular rings, scales or mucus are completely absent. A dense white flesh has a temperate bitterness. This kind of fungi is not similar to any other, and therefore it is quite simple to recognize it.
Meets: Since the end of Spring in Autumn
Everything without exception is the embezzlement of the lattice is very poisonous. However, the extravagant shape of the mushroom is listed in the Red Book, so do not hurry to hurry it immediately, as soon as notice. However, you will most likely feel it long before you see: the lattice makes a sharp smell of rotting flesh, which is 10-15 m around its habitat. The smell make completely ripe mushrooms. Piquant fragrance attracts insects that are spreading disputes around the district. Often grows in proud loneliness, sometimes groups. Symptoms of poisoning trivial: vomiting, liquid stools with blood admixture, increase body temperature. Fortunately, they take place completely independently after 10-12 hours.
Meets: from late June to mid-September
At the appearance of this forest inhabitant, the truth is quite beautiful, but it is impossible to taste it or even touch in any way. Its pulp contains an impressive amount of durable and hallucinogenic substances. Having occurred under the influence of a cunning mushroom, you can easily finish such a fun hike in mushrooms in the nearest swamp or impassable taiga. Gymnopilus does not grow alone, huge colonies can extend for dozens of meters around the center of the mushroom. The shape and coloring gymnopilus look like edible flashes, however, with suitable mushrooms have a larger fruit body and a wide ring on the leg.
Meets: Since the beginning of August to the end of September
Among the lamellar mushrooms, the clan of the coils often meet poisonous species. The greatest danger to the health of mushrooms is a false or, as they are called in the people, "Khrenovy Mushroom". It is often confused with edible views of the curvy, but, despite the external similarity, these two fungus differ sharply on the chemical service. A distinctive feature is a sharp smell of Khrena (and you thought why it is called it?), Which is distinguished by freshly cut individuals. Growing colonies whose members can differ dramatically in size: the diameter of the hats ranges from 2 to 8 cm. Light brown-brown shape hat with a dark spot in the center. The pulp contains strong toxins, most of which are still unknown by science, and therefore there are no antidotes capable of neutralize them. The victim is experiencing the weak attacks of choking, which quickly go into palsy skeletal muscles, providing breathing. The first signs of poisoning appear already after 10 minutes.
Collecting mushrooms in the forest is a pleasant occupation to which many Russians are involved. It lasts starting from the middle of the summer, and ending in the fall, and during this period, doctors traditionally state mass cases of the poisoning of nature gifts.
Among the fungi there are extremely useful and valuable rich in nutrients - and there are also those from which you can go to the hospital. Before you go to the forest and start collecting a wild harvest, you should figure out in detail what mushrooms can be taken, and which it is worth it to be categorically left in place.
Seventh place - false chanterelles
False chanterelles are very similar to real, and therefore inexperienced mushrooms sometimes carry them out of the forest with whole lukshki. You can distinguish them from the present on more bright color, a completely different smell, a thinner leg - an experienced mushroom detects differences from the go. If there is at least one false chanterelle, poisoning cannot be avoided, and at the first signs: diarrhea, vomiting, pain in the stomach after the use of mushroom dishes, It is necessary to apply to the hospital .
Sixth place - false oils
Another false false mushrooms are pepper mushrooms that are masked under the oil. Maybe they are not so poisonous as subsequent mushrooms in the list, but again, often find themselves in baskets of mushrooms due to similarity with delicious edible fellows. An invading version of the butter has a reddish "moss" under the Hat, while the oil is yellow. And he also has no refill under a hat, and the oil is at least its rudiment remains, even if they all rose and opened the hat completely.
These mushrooms are pretty, and there are them not recommended, as this can cause poisoning - however, some mushroom skins claim that they are fully edible after soaking and cooking, long-term training on special rules.
Fifth place - false whale
False sheds are also frequent guests in baskets inexperienced mushrooms. They are deprived of a membrane under the Hat, have a rich yellow color, while the feet of the leg is usually white or grayish. Also, false mushrooms have very dark plates under the Hat. There are also false sides of an umbrella type, with conical, not flat hats, and without a membrane. The poisoning causes about the same symptoms as false chanterelles, and the person must be hospitalized.
Fourth place - whitish hacking
This mushroom has widespread distribution, in Russia it is found not only in the forests, but also in the fields, as well as near human housing. It turns out massively, clusters. It has a whitish color, a conical cap, which, with a growing mushroom, acquires a form of funnel. Very poisonous mushroom, the action of the toxins of which begins after 20 minutes. Symptoms of poisoning is a drop in pressure and pulse, sweating, tear. Urgent hospitalization, stomach washing and other measures are needed.
Third place - Pantry Amanit
The top three of the country's most poisonous mushrooms will open the amansor panthen. This is a mushroom with a brown hat and white dots living in the forests, in coniferous and deciduous. Red amanita, with which he is often confused, really edible, and this one is poisonous. Very toxic mushroom, which causes suffocations and paralysis 2 hours after being eaten. Hospitalizing the victim need urgently.
Second place - White Topging
In the second place of the rating of poisonous mushrooms, there was a white refinement, which turns out to be in the baskets, not very often, because it is originally unpleasant and has a grinding smell. Grows in dampness, has a white shade covered with mucus. Hat conical, leg long.
Even a small piece of mushroom is enough to poison badly, as it has a powerful poison. As symptoms - first signs of poisoning, which may come after a lot of hours after the mushroom is emanated, as it happens with pale toes. The patient's condition is rapidly deteriorating, pressure drops. It is necessary to immediately cause an ambulance.
The most poisonous mushroom in Russia
Pale refraining is a mushroom that is the most poisonous not only in Russia, but also in the world . It has a powerful poison, which poisons internal organs and is valid even before the first symptoms of poisoning appear. And they can begin in two days. 100 gr. This mushroom is quite enough to get strongest poisoning. Symptomatics - vomiting and diarrhea, headache, pressure drop. This mushroom is especially dangerous by the fact that inexperienced mushrooms are confused with champignons and other quite edible mushrooms. Poisonous fungi in fact is not so much, in Russian forests there are much more edible gifts of the forest - just some of them, for example, Valumi, Kulubiki, Korovaki, Smork, - require special preparation and special methods of preparation. However, in any case, it is worth abiding precautions, because You can choose not only to poisonous, but also quite edible mushrooms. .
It is impossible to collect mushrooms from the tracks, railways, in contaminated places, since mushrooms easily absorb poisoning substances and radiation from the surrounding area. It is impossible to collect rotten fruit bodies, they can accumulate toxins. Mushrooms are frying at least 40 minutes , and conventionally edible rocks need to be soaked, digest, and subject to other preliminary preparation measures.
The most poisonous mushrooms in Russia - an interesting video
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