The child got out the first fangs

The child got out the first fangs

What teeth climb the first of the child - the scheme

Each mother is very much waiting for the moment when the baby will grow first teeth. The newborn this process can start at different times. There are babies, who will swell the gum in 2 months, and in 4 - there are already milk cutters. It is worth knowing what teeth climb the first in the child, and what amount they should be to one or two years to eliminate unpleasant moments.

Symptoms of the appearance of teeth

When the teeth begin to grow, the mood, the activity of the Chad is changing: the baby is very capricious, requires attention, crying and quickly tired. Pain and general malaise can not even remove your favorite toys, no matter how attempts to distract the crumb mom either created.

Symptoms are observed:

  • The kid reluctantly eats, refuses completely from food;
  • Sleep becomes restless;
  • Kroch requires attention constantly, "hanging" on the chest;
  • The consistency of the chair is changing: constipation or diarrhea, the baby is more often determined;
  • There is a runny nose, cough, rash on the cheeks and around the mouth;
  • Baby often jumps off;
  • Fever may begin, but the temperature should not be above 38.5 degrees.

Additional Information. With the growth of teeth in children note reduced immunity, therefore it is possible to pose an infection or a cold illness. If the baby has a long time (more than three days) keeps high, it strongly coughs, grabs for the ears, it is worth going to a visit to the pediatrician to make sure there are no viral diseases.

Processes in the oral cavity

When the child climbs the long-awaited first tooth, then you can see immediately:

  • There is an edema of the gums;
  • The crumb is drooling, hyperzing can manifest.

Swindle

Additional Information. Not all babies can calmly open the mouth, so that parents notice the teething and resorted to first aid. You can offer a baby chest or a bottle, lose rodents and teethers - so pain will eat a little, and it will be possible to see the oral cavity.

Growth and its sequence

Studying the question of the appearance of dairy teeth, the dentists set a certain sequence, which is considered the norm.

Note! It is impossible not to pay attention to the formation of the dentition.

What appears in the first place

According to the classic scheme, the lower cutters grow first, then the first top teeth have already visible. Doctors are considered correct that the teeth will be the first to rise from below, and after - on top. If such a sequence is violated, then in exceptional cases it can talk about rickets of the baby.

Dental scheme

Note! Sometimes, the crumbs are the first to rub the left, right fangs on top or bottom. The procedure for the growth of permanent teeth is usually similar to milk rubber. The kids have this moment very individual.

The appearance of central cutters is usually the most painless, which is not accompanied by high temperature and rhinitis.

Further teething scheme:

  • Side upper cutters, then lower;
  • The first native molars on the upper jaw, later - on the bottom;
  • Fangs from above, below;
  • At the end - the second indigenous moolers (from below, on top).

Why milk teeth get out of each kid in their own way:

  • This is due to the peculiarities of the growth and development of crumbs;
  • In view of the hereditary factor;
  • Depending on climatic conditions;
  • Due to various types of feeding: breast, mixed and artificial.

Deviations from the norm

Not always a long lack of teeth is a deviation. There are cases when problems occur when cutters appear. Children can be born with a crown in the mouth, or in the second month they will have a teeth. This pathology is associated with the failure of the thyroid gland and the development of a large number of hormones.

Retention (later teething) is logical when the incisors rose 2 or more months later than the normal period.

Causes of Retention:

  • hypothyroidism;
  • lack of calcium;
  • rickets;
  • There are no fractures of dairy teeth.

Important! These diseases may appear even during baby tooling if the mother had health problems, or dysfunction of the gastrointestinal tract.

Time of appearance

What teeth climb the very first in infants - the moment is individual. Height inside the gum begins from the first month. Often the cutter grows when the baby is already half a year, it is usually a pair of teeth at once.

The time of the first teeth

Name Teething time
Lower central cutters 6-10 months
Upper central cutters 8-12 months
Upper side cutters 9-13 months
Lower side cutters 10-16 months
Upper Small Molars (Root Tooth) 13-19 months
Bottom Small Molars (Runner Teeth) 1.5 years
Top fangs 15-22 months
Lower fangs 1.5-2 years
Lower large molars (indigenous teeth) 2-3 years
Upper Large Molars (Root Tooth) 2-3 years

Why don't teeth grow

There are certain violations, in view of which the teeth do not hurry to appear:

  • Rahit in infants;
  • The kid has a problem with the activity of the intestine;
  • Some metabolic disorders;
  • Adenctia - pathology, when there are no incidents of dairy teeth;
  • If endocrine disorders are present.

Note! Later, the appearance of incisors in 25% of children is possible due to some deviations, is associated with the individual characteristics of the child. If parents begin to be very worried, then you should seek advice from a pediatrician and dentist.

Visit to Dr.

The following situations should go to the dentist:

  • The teeth appeared later than the deadline or could not cut forward for a long time;
  • Too early teething;
  • There is some tooth, violation in the sequence and the appearance scheme;
  • Improper formation of the crown, or the tooth rose too far from the tooth row;

Permanent tooth is not on the dental

  • Black Cant is visible on the cage;
  • Enamel became red, green, dark brown shade;
  • Tooth is damaged.

What the first tooth climbs out the child, and how to accurately recognize this important process, you need to know the parents for analyzing the correctness of the development of infants. Noticing any deviations and complications, you need to seek qualified to the dentist in time.

Video

Vampire Fangs: Features Correction in Children and Adults

Futing fangs - the third pair of teeth, counting from the center, is a fairly common dental pathology, which occurs about 30% of the clients of the dental clinic.

Fangs are located at the corners of the jaws, directly behind the cutters, and differ from them longer crown and root. Distopia fangs can manifest in different ways:

  1. by drinking them from the smooth in a whole row;
  2. concealment for other teeth;
  3. excessively long or, on the contrary, a short crown;
  4. Ruver around the axis.

The "vampire smile" not only reflects on appearance, but also seriously disrupts the chewing function, and therefore requires qualified orthodontic treatment.

Why are the fangs teething wrong?

In children, under the milk teeth in the jaw bone, the second rights are located nearby, and even deeper, the third near, permanent fangs. Therefore, in the period of changing the bite of fangs, the "Troika" rubs to the last place, and the first permanent teeth are "six", in the place of the disking of which dairy teeth were not at all.

  • If for any reason the child will prematurely lose the dairy "four" or "fives", the sixth tooth will move to the vacant space, and the place for the teething of the fang simply will not remain. He will have to get out either out of a row or on a pacific surface.
  • The cause of pathology can be the crowded teeth caused by a small jaw size when it simply does not have a place for the physiological placement of large complete teeth.

How to normalize the position of dystoped fangs?

When choosing a technique, the orthodontist is repelled against the degree of severity and variety of pathology, as well as from the age of the patient. Children under 12 years old are recommended the use of specialized removable and non-removable designs:

  • put on the night cap;
  • easy to maintain soft dental plates intended for continuous wearing;
  • Speakers affecting the dental detectors of the trainers.

The earlier the correction will be started, the faster it will be possible to align not yet to the end of the formed teeth. On average, the process takes 4-6 months.

Teenagers and adult patients need to be treated by braces, wearing which in highly launched cases will have about two years.

Features of the correction of fangs braces

The problem can be solved with removal and without dental removal. Both methods help to obtain the missing, but necessary for the space returned to the place of the dystoped fang. The choice of the optimal option depends on the clinical situation.

  • If the removal is not produced, the free space is formed due to the gradual elongation by braces of the dentition. The doctor at the same time should evaluate in advance how the process will affect the proportions of the face.
  • If the appearance changes will be negative (for example, the front teeth will noticeably deviate forward), you will have to remove a pair of teeth - as a rule, first premolars.

Do not fear the removal of absolutely healthy teeth. This method will be offered by the doctor only in case of extreme need - to improve the chewing function, balance the load distribution and maintain the health of the remaining teeth. Due to the free distribution of dental roots, in this case, a stable, not inclined to relapse the result of the correction will be achieved.

Orthodontics patients often wondered: can I put braces for one jaw? Distoped fangs - just the case. If there is a need to significantly equalize the fangs by braces on the upper jaw and a slight correction of the lower dentition, the lower bracket can be set later, which is more profitable for most patients.

Is it possible to fix the tooth curve without braces?

In adults - very rarely, only with a slight error in the location of the fangs.

  • In some cases, do not eliminate the problem, but only improve the aesthetics of smiles helps venions or lumines - thin ceramic plates sticking to the surface of the tooth. They disguise the defect for about 5-6 years, after which they will require replacement.
  • Sometimes removable kapas are helping, which are put on the night for 2-3 years.

Some patients who do not agree to carry braces themselves offer Dentist to remove abnormal fangs. But it is impossible, since the dental row without fangs will look unesthetically.

In addition, premolars located in the dentition after the fangs will not be able to take on their functions. In the process of chewing food, it is the fangs coordinate the movements of both jaws, so they have a special, different from other teeth, the surface shape and an extended root that helps to withstand a significant load.

Doctor: Sudzhaev Sergey Romanovich Patient age: 25 years Diagnosis: Distal occlusion, transvertsal cutting occlusion, the crowdability of the front and lower dental row, teeth adenity 1.4; 2.4; 3.4; 4.4. Treatment: 12 months Equipment: Clarity SL bracket system Ask a question to the doctor

How to find us?:

Moscow, Spartakovskaya Square, D.14, C.2 (Entrance from the street. Baumanskaya, d.13, p.3)

The procedure and deadlines for teething in children

What teeth in the child cut through the first (upper or lower), when and at what age it happens, what does the delay in teething, you will find answers to these questions in this article.

When milk teeth are dispersed?

Typically, the children are visible in half a year. The first lower and upper cutters are visible.

The sequence and time of teething is purely individual values. In some, everything happens according to the schedule, others - with delays.

But, diagnose pathology, violations and malfunctions can only be based on the results of a comprehensive study.

Usually, the children are visible in half a year the first lower and upper cutters are visible, much less often they begin to go out in 3-4 months.

Subsequent four cutters grow about 1 year. Next, the turn of the first molars, which, as a rule, grows to 1.5 years. Then the fangs are shown.

In many, the appearance of fangs is accompanied by unpleasant symptoms: hyperthermia, lack of appetite at the child, blood on the guys. The last milk teeth are the second molars, grow without complications at 28-36 months.

What teeth do the child climb the first?

If you exclude possible violations in the work of the body and other factors that have an effect on the rubberization, then a significant number of children's teeth should appear in the following procedure according to the scheme:

Name Localization location Duration of teething
1. Lower central cutters Middle Lower Jaws 6-7 months
2. Upper Central Cutters Rub in the middle of the upper jaw 8-11 months
3. Upper side cutters Get out of the central cutters 9-12 months
4. Bottom side cutters Are behind the central cutters 11-14 months
5. Upper first molars Get out through the gap after the side cutters 12-16 months
6. Bottom first molars Appear through the gap after the side cutters 12-16 months
7. Flys Grow between side cutters and first molars 17-20 months
8. Second mlaro Climb immediately after the first molars 2.5-3 years

Often, the side cutters or fangs are cut at the infants. But this is not a reason for concern.

Before the appearance of the first incisors, some of the moms complain about the following symptoms:

  • Swimming and redness of the gums;
  • The desire of the baby is to quarrel or cheering something;
  • Increasing body temperature;
  • Intestinal disorder;
  • Whims;
  • Restless, short-term sleep;
  • Increased salivation;
  • Foci in the area of ​​the cheek;
  • Nasal congestion or vice versa, abundance;

Most manifestations are similar to symptoms of all known colds. In order to eliminate the ARVI, flu and other colds, it is necessary to sign up for the reception to the precinct pediatrician.

Each child individually transfers this period. All the symptoms are pronounced pronounced, and others do not have them at all. The change of first incisors occurs in 5-8 years.

Teething diagram of dairy teeth in kids

Tips parents

To date, there are some advice capable of helping mom and child to cope with unpleasant symptoms during the appearance of the first teeth.

These include:

Special teethers will help kids alleviate unpleasant symptoms

Massage Guosen (before the massage you need to wash your hands well and cut the nails);

  • Special teethers (depending on the manufacturer distinguish conventional teethers and with fillers, which are cooled to remove itching and pain in infants);
  • Drugs with anti-inflammatory and soothing effect;
  • Antipiretic drugs;
  • Balanced diet.
  • It is believed that the use of a nipple or sucking of a thumb in the period of teething may cause an improper bite in the future.

    Factors affecting the appearance of teeth in the infant

    As mentioned earlier, the deadlines for the appearance of the teeth - a purely individual value, but it is worth considering the following factors in which the moment of teething is postponed indefinitely.

    Dates of the appearance of teeth - a purely individual value

    These include:

    1. Hereditary diseases;
    2. Water quality;
    3. Climatic living conditions;
    4. Endocrine diseases.

    But, there are often cases when the delay is a serious pathology:

    • Adenity (Full or partial absence of teeth gains) - this pathology is detected during radiography.
    • Rickets - Rare childhood diseases, which is expressed by the disorder of costhics and the insufficiency of bone mineralization.

    It is worth remembering that only a doctor on the basis of comprehensive diagnostics is able to deliver the diagnosis.

    Summing up, I would like to note that the appearance and symptoms of the first teeth varies depending on many factors listed earlier. And this is not a reason for concern, but only a call for tolerance. To eliminate diseases, it is advisable to visit the children's dentist.

    2017-2020 © Dantoland - Internet magazine about dentistry. All rights reserved. When copying the materials of the site - the link to our site source is required.

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    The child climbs fangs: how to remove pain and temperature

    When the child climbs the fangs, in most cases, this process is manifested painfully and the temperature rises. The teeth are broken by pairs, on the opposite sides of the upper and lower jaw. For about a year, the child must be about 8 teeth. The appearance of fangs occurs on 16-20 months. The first, climb fangs on the lower jaw, and later - on the top.

    When and how much does the tooth appear? The teething of teeth in children, mainly occurs in half a year after birth, depending on the characteristics of the body's development. Some children have a teething before, others later.

    If the child is in a year there is no single tooth, then this is a reason to appeal to the doctor

    . Such a manifestation indicates a slowdown in metabolism and the presence of serious diseases in the body, such as Rahit. Need to be worried if the teeth at the child climb too early, in the second-third month of life.

    Dates of disking: when and how much?

    The appearance of the teeth at the child is characterized by both biological and passport age. The teething time of the teeth is determined by hereditary factors, living conditions, climate, quality of nutrition and consumed water.

    For each child, the dedication period is individual . And if you have twins, it does not mean that their teeth will appear at the same time.

    Before breaking the teeth overcome 2 stages:

    • Bookmark;
    • Formation of dental fight.

    The first row teeth are overwhelmed - two central cutters. Cutters can appear both simultaneously and consistently. Then, if you consider that the teeth are formed by pairs on the upper and lower jaws, the central cutters in the upper row are broken. Later it hills a turn of the second paired cutters: two side lower and two side tops.

    How many teeth should be kid in a year? Usually, one-year-old kids have already 8 cutters (4 upper, 4 lower).

    After the cutters begin to climb fangs, however, they give their place with the first indigenous teeth, in connection with this, "dental gaps" are traced in their place. Then the fangs and other indigenous teeth appear. Fangs climb from the child aged 16- 23 months - the lower, 16-22 months - the top.

    From seven years, milk teeth are slowly falling out, and permanent growing in their place. The process of growth of new teeth is carried out in the same way as milk, the front cutters are replaced first, then the side.

    Permanent fangs of the child begin to appear, after falling out the dairy, about 9 years. In 11-12 years, the embedding of the dental arc ends, and in 17-25 years the formation of teeth ends - the latest teeth-wisdom appear.

    Symptoms of teething, mostly depend on the well-being and health of the child at that time. The appearance of fangs, a rather complicated process, which gives children a lot of inconvenience. The process affects the vital activity of the whole organism.

    The main symptoms of delication of fangs in kids:

    • irritability, capriciousness is manifested due to the feeling of pain and burning in teething;
    • Violation of the power mode, the diet refuses food: no need to force it to eat it, it is better to give a lot of drink;
    • sleep disturbance;
    • swelling of adhesion;
    • Grass reflex - the baby, pulls the objects in the mouth, trying to scratch the guise;
    • increased saliva isolated;
    • In rare cases, there is a rash on the face;
    • education diarrhea;
    • Increase body temperature up to 38-39 degrees.

    The main problems with which parents turn to the doctor during teething, this is an increased temperature, the weakening of the chair, the vomit reflex.

    The appearance of the teeth can not increase the temperature of more than 38 degrees. Temperature cannot be kept for three days. If the temperature is higher than the specified value, you should contact the doctor. Often, the temperature and a weakened chair is a sign of an intestinal disease.

    By the way, the strong selection of saliva in teething leads to symptoms: cough, hoarseness, cold.

    How to help with teething?

    The appearance of fangs is a difficult period for a child, all the time it bothers itching, burning and pain. The elimination of unpleasant symptoms is a rather difficult task. Nevertheless, there are many tips that are able to help the child to overcome the teething of fangs easier.

    Special teethers

    First you need to give the baby to help a variety of teethers, which inside are filled with liquid or gel. The temsters are designed to cool the guise, impede itch. Such adaptations from time to time should be placed in the refrigerator to resume their action. You can also use dummy and bottles that also satisfy the chewable needs of the baby.

    Need to pick up the pacifiers of a special orthodontic Forms and high quality. Invalidly selected pawners can cause the development of improper bite. Observe the cleanliness and correct storage of these devices.

    Additionally, you can massage the gum of the baby with gauze tampon, which are moistened with cold water. This eliminates the pain and eliminates the oral bacteria.

    Medications

    Medicinal preparations are the most effective helpers. There are many ointments, gels and other means. The most frequently used and past checks for the years drugs are:

    • Dentalinox - gel, the composition includes chamomile and lidocaine, acts as anesthesia. Use three times a day, there may be side effects in the form of allergies.
    • Baby Doctor The first teeth - has an anti-inflammatory effect. Applied for breast kids.
    • Homeopathy - Dutinorm Baby - provides a comprehensive effect, quenching pain, struggling with digestion disruption, removes inflammation.

    The use of any medicinal drug should be held after the doctor's advice.

    Each mother is faced with a period when the teeth are breaking with the kid. The process is unpleasant and painful, but you need to dignify and patiently go through with my children, in every way helping them will cope with pain and temperature.

    If the kid has the appearance of teeth late, then this is due to the braking of growth and development. Such manifestations are observed in pathologies:

    • Rahit - the disease of the child's childhood, which is formed due to non-admission to the children's body of beneficial substances and vitamins, in particular vitamin D, which slows down the absorption of calcium, which is necessary in the growth of the teeth;
    • Adenctia is a pathology at which there are no tunnels of teeth, confirm such a diagnosis using X-ray.

    It is important to remember that the temperature is not always the symptom of the appearance of the teeth at the child, often it can be a sign of other more dangerous diseases. Therefore, as soon as possible contact the clinic.

    The main task of the parents in the period of teething is to help the child cope with painful sensations and reveal anomalies in time. On the timing, sequence and norms of the appearance of the teeth, the kids will tell StartSmile.

    Temporary teeth

    Tests of teething

    Dental primaries are formed during the period of intrauterine development. The teething of the first teeth begins on the twenty-fifth life of the baby. First, the lower cutters appear, to eight months - the upper one. The age of teething of dairy teeth, called premolars, varies from a year to two years. The latter shows the fangs and the second premolars, it comes from sixteen to thirty months.

    This teething schedule is optimal, but it is impossible to determine the exact time. The process depends on the characteristics of the child's body, mother's health during pregnancy and genetic factors.

    Tests of teething in children in the table

    The procedure for teething in children

    The teeth follow the principle of paired, for example, if one fang seemed, in a short time, we should expect a second. The sequence of teething is determined by nature based on the practical significance of dental units for survival.

    The first row of the lower row teeth grow, then the top turn comes. Violate the sequence of teething side cutters, their appearance begins with the upper jaw. Then the teething of chewing teeth is the first premolars. Flys and indigenous teeth come out. The process of teething teething in children is completed by 2-3 years.

    Teething diagram of dairy teeth in children

    Teething diagram of dairy teeth in children in pictures

    Permanent teeth

    Deads for teething in children

    The first constant teeth appear a few months before the fallout of the dairy - the molars are breaking, they are "six". This happens at the age of six. To the eight-nine years there comes the result of the cutters. When the child turns ten or twelve years, premolars and fangs teetrate. The second molars comes next, the rubbering of the indigenous teeth is completed to the majority.

    Important!

    Teeth of wisdom appear much later, after twenty years. However, their complete absence is also the norm.

    Details of teething in the table

    The procedure for teething

    The principle of paired remains in relation to permanent dental units. The correct sequence of teething is important for the formation of bite, it is necessary to closely follow the time of the fallout of the dairy teeth and the order of the growth of the indigenous.

    The first nine molars appear, then the top. The temporary teeth of the lower jaw fall out, constant and only then the upper dental units are replaced.

    This chart of teething in children is not universal, but with significant deviations, you should contact a specialist.

    Rubber teething diagram in children in pictures

    Signs of teething

    Symptoms of teething in infants

    The appearance of milk teeth passes a little more difficult than constant, because the baby has not yet encountered pain and cannot realize what happens to him. The teething of teeth in children under the year is accompanied by the following signs.

    • The most common teeth teething symptom is temperature. Raising up to 38 degrees for three days is the norm.
    • Summets. Often in children when teething teeth swells the gums, itch the wells and a desire to chew solid objects appears. It is important not to give the child to damage the mucous membrane, it is better to buy a special teether to remove the discomfort.
    • Reduced appetite. Children refuse to eat due to stress or itching in the gums.
    • Dental teething syndrome. Neurosis, federation, anxiety, poor sleep and whims may indicate the rapid appearance of the first tooth, even if the child does not have pain, temperature and gums swelling.

    Important!

    Increasing the level of leukocytes during teething should not be alarming. This is a frequent phenomenon associated with weakened immunity.

    Symptoms of teething in infants

    Symptoms of rubbering of permanent teeth

    The change of temporary bite is accompanied by other unpleasant sensations. The process is characterized by the following features.

    • Cutting roots and falling milk teeth. The right signal of the appearance of a new tooth in the coming months.
    • Increase the size of the jaw bone. Permanent teeth are more dairy, the jaw is growing, creating conditions for a bite change.
    • Pain in the gums. Redness and swelling of the mucous membranes are a reaction to teething.

    Important!

    The body temperature is above 38 degrees, convulsions, refusal of food and difficulty breathing do not relate to the symptoms of the appearance of dairy and constant teeth. These are signs of infectious disease. It is urgent to consult a doctor.

    Painful teething: tips parents

    Facing with a period of teething in children, many parents are lost. First of all, you need to call an ambulance and determine the cause of the baby's bad well-being. In confirming the symptoms, the specialist will appoint drugs in teething - antipyretic and painful.

    You can handle the gums anesthetic gel with a cooling effect to reduce the itch and enemy of the mucous. The ice will also help. To reduce the stimulation of gums there are special silicone attacks from hypoallergenic material.

    Folk remedies for teething teething effectively remove painful sensations - chamomile decoction, sage, Valerian tinctures and honey will reassure inflamed fabrics.

    Anesthetic in teething tooth is contraindicated to children, it may worsen the state of health.

    Important!

    Without the recommendation of the doctor, antibiotics and other strong drugs in teething can cause an allergic reaction.

    Deviations in teething

    Minor changes in the timing and sequence of growth of dental units should not be alarming. However, substantial deviations from the norm of teething are caused for concern.

    1. The tooth does not appear for a long time. Reason: Genetic predisposition to a long teething or lack of adventures.
    2. Tooth appearance too early. Developed by violations of the endocrine system.
    3. Black or brown enamel surface. Indicates an increased iron content, poor salivation or chronic inflammatory processes in the child's body.
    4. Incorrect position of the rows. Square pathology signals the hereditary factor or on the deformations of maxillofacial bones.
    Purchase of teeth in pictures

    Frequently asked Questions

    The period of the appearance of the teeth is concerned not only in children, but also from parents. StartSmile made up a list of the most popular questions on this topic.

    Question: How long does the teething break?

    Answer: From two to six days.

    Question: How long during teething, unpleasant symptoms continue?

    Answer: Discomfort is felt within two or three days before the appearance of about three days after.

    Question: What to do when teething teeth?

    Answer: Do not panic, calm the baby, surround it with attention and care. If necessary, call a doctor.

    Question: What to give when teething teeth?

    Answer: Soothing decoctions, frozen fruits and specialist prescribed medicines.

    Question: Is it possible to make vaccinations when teething?

    Answer: No, with a weakened immunite, the procedure will lead to complications.

    What teeth in the child cut through the first (upper or lower), when and at what age it happens, what does the delay in teething, you will find answers to these questions in this article.

    The first tooth of the baby

    When milk teeth are dispersed?

    Two teeth in a child

    Typically, the children are visible in half a year. The first lower and upper cutters are visible.

    The sequence and time of teething is purely individual values. In some, everything happens according to the schedule, others - with delays.

    But, diagnose pathology, violations and malfunctions can only be based on the results of a comprehensive study.

    Usually, the children are visible in half a year the first lower and upper cutters are visible, much less often they begin to go out in 3-4 months.

    Subsequent four cutters grow about 1 year. Next, the turn of the first molars, which, as a rule, grows to 1.5 years. Then the fangs are shown.

    In many, the appearance of fangs is accompanied by unpleasant symptoms: hyperthermia, lack of appetite at the child, blood on the guys. The last milk teeth are the second molars, grow without complications at 28-36 months.

    Important! With the normal development of the baby by 2-3.5 years, he already has 20 teeth.

    What teeth do the child climb the first?

    If you exclude possible violations in the work of the body and other factors that have an effect on the rubberization, then a significant number of children's teeth should appear in the following procedure according to the scheme:

    Name Localization location Duration of teething
    1. Lower central cutters Middle Lower Jaws 6-7 months
    2. Upper Central Cutters Rub in the middle of the upper jaw 8-11 months
    3. Upper side cutters Get out of the central cutters 9-12 months
    4. Bottom side cutters Are behind the central cutters 11-14 months
    5. Upper first molars Get out through the gap after the side cutters 12-16 months
    6. Bottom first molars Appear through the gap after the side cutters 12-16 months
    7. Flys Grow between side cutters and first molars 17-20 months
    8. Second mlaro Climb immediately after the first molars 2.5-3 years

    Often, the side cutters or fangs are cut at the infants. But this is not a reason for concern.

    Before the appearance of the first incisors, some of the moms complain about the following symptoms:

    • Swimming and redness of the gums;
    • The desire of the baby is to quarrel or cheering something;
    • Increasing body temperature;
    • Intestinal disorder;
    • Whims;
    • Restless, short-term sleep;
    • Increased salivation;
    • Foci in the area of ​​the cheek;
    • Nasal congestion or vice versa, abundance;

    Most manifestations are similar to symptoms of all known colds. In order to eliminate the ARVI, flu and other colds, it is necessary to sign up for the reception to the precinct pediatrician.

    Each child individually transfers this period. All the symptoms are pronounced pronounced, and others do not have them at all. The change of first incisors occurs in 5-8 years.

    Teething diagram of dairy teeth

    Teething diagram of dairy teeth in kids

    Tips parents

    To date, there are some advice capable of helping mom and child to cope with unpleasant symptoms during the appearance of the first teeth.

    These include:

    It is believed that the use of a nipple or sucking of a thumb in the period of teething may cause an improper bite in the future.

    Factors affecting the appearance of teeth in the infant

    As mentioned earlier, the deadlines for the appearance of the teeth - a purely individual value, but it is worth considering the following factors in which the moment of teething is postponed indefinitely.

    Satisfied baby

    Dates of the appearance of teeth - a purely individual value

    These include:

    1. Hereditary diseases;
    2. Water quality;
    3. Climatic living conditions;
    4. Endocrine diseases.

    But, there are often cases when the delay is a serious pathology:

    • Adenity (Full or partial absence of teeth gains) - this pathology is detected during radiography.
    • Rickets - Rare childhood diseases, which is expressed by the disorder of costhics and the insufficiency of bone mineralization.
    Full adenatia in a child

    Full adenatia

    It is worth remembering that only a doctor on the basis of comprehensive diagnostics is able to deliver the diagnosis.

    Important! Doctors throughout the world believe that the lack of teeth up to a year is the relative norm.

    Summing up, I would like to note that the appearance and symptoms of the first teeth varies depending on many factors listed earlier. And this is not a reason for concern, but only a call for tolerance. To eliminate diseases, it is advisable to visit the children's dentist.

    The procedure for teething in children

    From this article you will learn:

    • When the first teeth appear,
    • Severity of teething in children
    • Dates for dairy and constant teeth (scheme),
    • Causes of delays of teething.

    The teething of teeth in children is the process of gradual appearance of crowns of teeth over the surface of the gum. The teeth are considered completely cutting - when their chewing surface begins to contact with the teeth antagonists of the opposite jaw, and the gum worst crowns of teeth only in their necks. The teething always occurs in 2 stages. First, temporary dairy teeth are dispersed, and only when the jaws reach the desired size - permanent teeth appear on the site of the milk.

    The teething of dairy teeth in the child usually begins with 5-6 months and will continue for up to 24-30 months, and in total during this time, 20 teeth of the dairy bite will appear. The process of changing the dairy teeth to constant begins at the age of 6. The teething of constant teeth occurs up to 14 years inclusive - with the exception of wisdom teeth, which usually appear after 18 years. There is a strict sequence of teething in children with which you can find on the schemes below.

    Desna with teething: photo

    Disparing the central upper cutters (the moment of penetration of the cutting edge of the teeth through the mucous membrane)  Elementing upper centrally cutter (under the mucosa, a small cluster of blood)  

    Traditional symptoms of teething of dairy teeth are swelling and redness of the gum, reinforced salivation and salivation, in addition, the child becomes restless, sleeps badly. Sometimes digestive disorder can occur, a slight increase in temperature .In some cases, 2-3 weeks before the rubberization, a bump filled with a transparent or blue liquid may appear on the gum, which does not speak of inflammation or some pathology (Fig. 2).

    → How to remove the symptoms of teething in a child

    Terms and procedure for teething in children -

    The first teeth teck in the child normally, starting from 5-6 months. The very first tooth (or rather a pair of teeth), which appear in a child is the central cutters of the lower jaw. In some cases, this can happen a few months earlier - including even in the first month of the child's life. The reasons for premature teething have not yet been established, but this certainly negatively affects the health of dairy teeth, contributing to their early carious defeat.

    In this case, the development of the enamel structures of the tooth crowns and their mineralization still do not reach a certain extent - as a result of which the dental enamel turns out to be more vulnerable to cariesogenic microorganisms and their securities. Therefore, if your child has premature dates for teething, then the perfect oral hygiene is needed, as well as the mandatory fulfillment of a number of nutrition guidelines and feeding regime. Ideally, you can also conduct a course of remineralization of the teeth, which will further increase their accuracy to caries.

    With the normal development of the child, the dates of the teething correspond to what you can find in schemes 1 and 2. A minor delay should not cause any anxiety, but the delay of 3-4 or more months - in some cases may indicate a violation of the physical development of the child, Violations of metabolism or the presence of a general-quality disease. Also, the delay in the timing of teething in children may be associated with the health of the mother and the influence of adverse factors on the fetus during pregnancy.

    Diagram of teething teeth of dairy bite

    The newborn baby inside the upper and lower jaws there are 20 incidents of temporary teeth (10 follicles for each jaw). Details of teething in children according to different authors - can be very different, and in Scheme number 1 below - you can see generally accepted numbers from the National Guide for Children's Dentistry. In this scheme, you can see the timing of teething of dairy teeth among completely healthy children who do not have any pathology.

    Dental teething diagram in children without pathology (scheme number 1) -

    Dental teething diagram in children without pathology

    According to statistics, the normal schedule of teething in children is observed only in 42% of cases. The backlog in the duration of the teething is observed approximately with 48% of children, which is associated with the suffering diseases - both mother during pregnancy and the newborn child itself (about the main causes of the delay of the teething you can read below). Approximately 10% of all children have an early teething of dairy teeth, and in a small percentage of cases this can occur even during the period of intrauterine development.

    What can be connected to the delay of teething -

    Many factors can influence the delay in the timing of rubberizing temporary teeth. For example, in premature babies with general human pathology - the teething of the first teeth in 61% of cases occurs only at the age of 8 months and older. At the same time, if a premature child suffered an intracranial generic injury or a severe infectious inflammatory disease, the teething may begin in a later date - at 11-12 months and older.

    The deadlines for the start of teething are also dependent on the duration of natural feeding. In the artificial feeding of children, in 60% of cases, the first temporary teeth are dispersed only at 8 months and later. In children on mixed feeding, the delay of the rubber was observed only in 30% of cases. Very much depends on the state of the health of the mother during the pregnancy, as well as from the course of pregnancy. For example, when examining children up to 3 years, whose mothers suffered pronounced toxicosis - it was found that the term of the breakdown of temporary teeth was shifted to 8-10 months.

    It is also worth noting that the delay in the teething in a small percentage of cases may even be completely healthy children, which is associated with a genetic factor (for example, when the discreet was observed from one of the parents of the child). In the National Children's Dentistry Guide, a table is published in which it is clearly shown - which delayed delay in the presence of various diseases in the child.

    Table # 1 - deadlines for the start of teething in the presence of pathology

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    List of reasons for the delay of the teething of dairy teeth -

    one) The first group of reasons are the diseases of the woman during pregnancy, as well as the features of the course of pregnancy. And it is worth noting that all these reasons have only moderate influence (in contrast to the diseases for 1 year of the child's life). These reasons include:

    • Toxicosis 2 halves of pregnancy,
    • kidney diseases
    • Moved pneumonia or an ARZ with high temperature,
    • Herpety infection, rubella, toxoplasmosis,
    • Permanent chronic or short-term strong stress.

    2) Diseases transferred for 1 year of the life of the child himself are the greatest impact on the delay in rubbering of dairy teeth.

    • sepsis newborn
    • Pneumonia, frequent organs,
    • Atopic dermatitis, Rahit,
    • National pathology,
    • convulsive states
    • intestinal toxicosis,
    • prematurity and density
    • hypothyroidism (lack of iodine intake)
    • scarce unbalanced food
    • With epilepsy.

    Causes of early teething : Studies revealed that most often early teething is characteristic of children born with a large body weight. Moreover, there is a clear correlation - the greater the mass of the child's body, the earlier the teething of temporary teeth begins. Also, premature teething is observed with adrenal tumors accompanied by hyperfunction (24stoma.ru).

    Violation of the teething sequence in children -

    Physiological teething is characterized not only by terms, but also characteristics as a pairness and sequence. Those. All teeth should be cut off by couples, for example, at first 2 central cutters of the lower jaw are erected at once, then 2 central cutters of the upper jaw, etc. Dates and sequence of teething of dairy teeth, see Scheme number 1 above. In healthy children, there are usually no disorders of the pair and sequence in teething.

    But in children who have suffered rickets, the sequence disorders arise about 52% of all cases, violations of the paired - approximately 35% of cases. In children with rickets, the teething of dairy teeth is very often beginning with the central and side cutters of the upper jaw, and when the crowns of the teeth are proceeded by approximately half - the process of teething can suspend for long months. The latter is associated with a violation of the formation of the roots of dairy teeth, because when milk teeth are only beginning to rub off - their roots are formed by only 25-50%.

    Dates of dismantling of permanent teeth -

    The disking of constant teeth has a number of features, because This process occurs simultaneously with the radiating roots and the loss of dairy teeth. The primitives of constant teeth are only 1-2 mm from the roots of dairy teeth, and when a permanent tooth begins to break down - he presses the root tooth on the roots, which leads to their resorption. Accordingly, the milks teeth gradually lose touch with bone tissue, and their crowns become mobile.

    And only the rubbering of molars (large lateral chewing teeth) - occurs without falling out dairy, which is associated with a smaller number of the latter. By the way, in girls, the fallout of dairy teeth as well as the beginning of the delicate of permanent - occurs on 4-7 months earlier than the boys, which is associated with the hormonal background. The sequence and timing of the disking of permanent teeth in children can be seen in Scheme No. 2, on which the ranges of the start time of teething are clearly shown for each constant tooth.

    Permanent teeth in children: teething order

    The deadlines for the start of the teething of constant teeth in children

    From constant teeth, the first molars are performed first, which usually occurs in 6 years. True, recently, the teething is increasingly starting at 5 years, and this is associated with the acceleration of the physical development of children. The process of dismanting permanent teeth ends by 14 years (with the exception of wisdom teeth). The teeth are considered completely cutting - only when their chewing surface begins to contact with the teeth antagonists of the opposite jaw, and the gums worst crowns of teeth only in their necks.

    Moreover, please note that the sequence of delicate of permanent teeth on the lower jaw - differs from the sequence of teething of the same names on the upper jaw. For example, on the lower jaw, the first molars and central cutters are proceeding at the same time, and on the top - the first molars appear on the top. And absolutely all the teeth (with the exception of premolars) are dispersed earlier than on the lower jaw.

    Start changing milk teeth for permanent (6 years) -

    Causes of delays of the rubber of permanent teeth -

    If the milk teeth have a late teething delay in just 2-3 months, then for permanent teeth, this figure is already 2-4 years. Among the main reasons for the delay in the teething of permanent teeth, it is especially worth identifying the inflammatory processes in the field of radios of dairy teeth, as well as early removal of dairy molars.

    one) Violation of local conditions for teething:

    • underdevelopment of the upper and lower jaws,
    • lack of place in the dentition
    • Premature removal of dairy molars,
    • Incorrect position of the fracture of the tooth,
    • Injury Munning tooth,
    • Inflammation in bone jaw tissue, for example, with purulent periodontitis of dairy teeth.

    2) General reasons for the delay of the rubber of permanent teeth:

    • Rahit or congenital syphilis,
    • exudative diathesis,
    • Various chronic intoxication,
    • metabolic disorders
    • disorders of reflex trophic processes,
    • Disorders of the hormonal background (for example, under hypothyroidism, thymus or adrenal hypofunction).

    What constant teeth have more often a delay of teething -

    • one of the fangs of the upper jaw (HF) - occurs in 43.64% of children,
    • at once two fangs of HF - in 25.65%,
    • the second premolage of the lower jaw (LF) - 12.84%,
    • at once two fangs of the RF and the second premolars of the LF - in 10.34%,
    • both second premolars NC - 5.11%,
    • Both side cutters RF - in 2.61%.

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    Symptoms of teething in children

    Signs of teething in infants can be observed for 3-5 days before the discharge. The symptoms continue until the moment when the crowns of the teeth seem through the gum mucosa. The main symptoms of teething in infants -

    • Redness and edema of the gums in the scene
    • irritability,
    • bad sleep
    • bad appetite, refusal to eat,
    • The child tries to bite everything that will have to, trying to learn itching in the gums
    • Increased salivation and salivation,
    • Rash and irritation in the field of mouth and chin, as well as on the chest (arise due to salivation of the mouth).

    → Homeopathic preparations for teething → painkillers for local applications

    Additional signs of teething in children:

    • How much the temperature is kept in teething in children - in most children, the teething does not lead to an increase in temperature. High temperature is usually a consequence of a related inflammatory process, unrelated with teething. For example, it can boost on the ARVI background, or against the background of herpetic stomatitis of the oral cavity (for the latter, the symptoms described below are characteristic.

      It is worth carefully inspecting the mucous membrane of the cavity of the mouth of the child's mouth for the presence of - 1) small bubbles filled with a transparent or turbid liquid, 2) of small erosions surrounded by the inflamed bright red mucous membrane, 3) bright-red inflamed gums. The child of 1 years of life gradually disappear by antibodies to herpes virus, obtained from the mother during pregnancy, and the injury of the mucous membrane by teething teeth is a starting factor in the development of viral stomatitis.

    • The hematomas on the gum mucosa (Fig. 8) - some children in 2-3 weeks before the rubber on the gum can appear a bump filled with a transparent or blue liquid. This does not speak about inflammation or some pathology, and usually does not require intervention (only if this education has reached too large - a small incision is carried out in order to release a bloody fluid).

      Hematoma formed over a teething tooth

    • Cough and vomiting when teething teething - an increased salivation is observed when teething, and if the child heard saliva, then such symptoms may be present. If vomiting arose against the background of a high temperature or violation of the chair (diarrhea), then the teething of the teeth is nothing. In this case, it is necessary to immediately suspect Rotovirus, and urgently cause a pediatrician home.

    Important : Once again we repeat that high temperature, vomiting and diarrhea - can not be associated with teething. Their reasons are the inxication of the body against the background of a concomitant infectious process (flu, ARVI), rovotirius infection. In these cases, it is necessary to call a pediatrician.

    If you have discovered herpetic rashes (bubbles, erosion) on the oral mucosa (bubbles, erosion), or all the gums are bright red, it is characteristic of herpes gingivo-stomatitis. In this case, it is better to cause a children's dentist from children's dental clinics at the place of residence, because Pediatricians in most cases do not know that there are several forms of stomatitis, each of which is treated in different ways.

    How to care for teeth in kids -

    The oral hygiene should be started to carry out before the teething of the first teeth. Typically, the purification of gums is carried out twice a day. It is done either with the help of a special tissue attack, or a pure bandage wound on a finger and moistened with boiled water. When the teeth are dispersed - special hygiene products are needed (special toothbrushes, as well as toothpastes or tooth pencils).

    Remember that the enamel of children's teeth is more porous and rough, because It contains few microelements (compared to the enamel enamel in adults already matured). Consequently, in the absence of correct hygiene and nutritional modes - there is a very high risk of developing multiple early caries of teeth. We hope that our article on the topic: deadlines and sequence of teething in children - it turned out to be useful to you!

    Sources :

    1. Higher professional education author in dentistry, 2. Based on the personal 20 years of experience in the dentist, 3. The European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry (EU), 4. NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE (USA), 5. "Children's therapeutic dentistry. National Guide "(Leontyev).

    When the first teeth are cut

    On average, the first tooth appears at the age of six months. But in the last 20-30 years, doctors note the earlier teething and the first teeth in 4 months are not uncommon.

    The deadlines of the teething depend on numerous factors: heredity, pregnancy flow, method of delivery, the state of the baby, and, of course, nutrition. The study conducted in 2008 showed that children on artificial feeding, the teething of dairy teeth occurs on average by 3-6 weeks earlier. Teeth in 5 months in children, on artificial feeding appear increasingly. In the group of children who receive exclusively maternal milk, the teething began in the average deadlines or with a delay of 1-3 weeks.

    Later research - 2019, proved The relationship between the weight of the child at birth and the deadlines of teething. In premature children, the first teeth manifested later - by 7-8 months. In the kids born prematurely and with a shortage of weight, the deadlines moved on average for 2-6 months. In children with overweight body, the teething began before.

    Dairy teeth in children: teething order

    In the dairy bite - 20 teeth, 10 on each jaw: 4 cutters, 2 fang and 4 molars. And their teething occurs according to a specific scheme. The group of the teeth appears in the oral cavity at about the same time.

    What teeth climb the first? According to the charter, central cutters on the lower jaw appear first. This sequence is determined by practical significance for the child and has the following order:

    Central cutters (on the lower jaw, next - on the top)

    We are necessary for biting, they literally cut through food.

    Side cutters (according to the same scheme, sometimes at the same time)

    Increase the exposure area.

    First molars

    These are the first chewing teeth intended for food inheritance.

    Second molars

    Increase the possibility of chewing food. With their appearance, the child should be as much as possible products requiring careful chewing.

    In rare cases, the process of teething begins with the upper jaw. And this is not a sign of pathology, as previously thought, and the individual feature of the body. The teething of teeth on the upper jaw always happens easier, which is explained by the anatomical features of bone tissue - it is more porous. Perennial observations of the development of children made it possible to formulate a scheme of teething of dairy teeth in children, taking into account the variations of the norm:

    Dates of dismantling on the lower jaw, in months

    Dates of teething on the upper jaw, in months

    Varia variations

    Baby teeth

    6-8

    7-10.

    ± 2-4 months

    Side cutters

    7-14.

    9-12.

    ± 2 months

    First molars

    12-16

    13-19

    ± 3 months

    Second molars

    20-31

    25-33.

    Up to 36.

    By three years in the oral cavity, all 20 dairy teeth should be broken. And this is an indicator of the norm in children born on time, without serious health problems.

    Pediatricians enjoy a formula that allows you to determine how many dairy teeth should be in a child at a particular age: X = y - 4.

    Where "X" - the number of teeth, and "y" - the number of months of the child's life. For example, at 12 months in a child in the oral cavity there should be 8 teeth. This formula defines only approximate values ​​and is used only to 2-2.5 years.

    Symptoms of teething

    A few weeks before the start of teething, parents may notice the so-called precursors - Symptoms pointing to the beginning of the teething process.

    These include: Caprises, mood changes, alarming sleep, which can be explained by unpleasant sensations in the oral cavity, pressure on the jaw. After all, so that the tooth can appear in the oral cavity, it must overcome the bone tissue, the gum mucosa. The crown of the tooth literally breaks it through and this contributes to the mechanical pressure and enzymes of saliva. Therefore, abundant salivation is considered to be one of the signs of spectacle.

    7-10 days before the first tooth appeared on the gums, it is possible to see redness, swelling, gradually drawn the outlines of the crown. When the first teeth appear, the baby can disturb itching, the feeling of pressure from the inside.

    The expressed symptoms of teething disappear as soon as the cutting edge or one borcor appeared above the mucous membrane. Usually it takes from 2 to 7 days.

    But fangs are considered the most difficult in the teething As explained by their anatomical location, and chewing teeth are molars, due to a more massive crown.

    Possible problems

    Teething teething is a physiological process, although it can be associated with some unpleasant sensations. This process requires an attentive relationship from the doctor and parents, After all, if it is violations, it is possible to suspect problems with development.

    First of all, doctors assess the physiological indicators of teething. It is not only about the timing of the appearance of the teeth, but also the principle of paired. The first in the oral cavity appear central incisors of the lower jaw, followed - the same teeth of the top. These teeth form a pair that enters into chewing contact, and as all milk teeth appear, the height of bite occurs.

    In violation of this principle, certain problems can be suspected, For example, the improper location of the teeth of teeth in the thickness of the jaw (retention), their complete absence (adventure). Fortunately, such violations are rarely detected and they can be considered only as an individual peculiarity. But such children need the close attention of doctors and a complex of measures to prevent bite pathologies.

    How to help a child when teething teetan

    Caprises, sleepless nights, appetite disorders - symptoms, often accompanying teething. And during this period, the baby needs help to relieve itching, burning and pressure during teething.

    In pharmacies and specialized children's stores, a wide range of dishthers from food silicone and other materials are presented. The ability to cool the teether will have an additional painkillers, will remove irritation.

    Children on breastfeeding are more often applied to the chest, because Maternal milk is not only nutrition and liquid, it is also a "medicine" that will help to cope with the unpleasant sensations, itching, to get a portion of love and care. At this time, children need care and attention. Parent care, gum massage - the best tools that allow you to quickly cope with the symptoms and facilitate the condition of the baby.

    Recently, the popularity got gels in teething in children. These are funds that contain an anesthetic, cooling and anti-inflammatory component, eliminating the causes that cause discomfort.

    However, their harm in some cases exceeds the benefits. Means containing anesthetic - lidocaine or novocaine may cause allergic reactions. This plan is unsafe and means containing plant components. In 2003, more than 8 thousand cases of poisoning and 67% of the total were children under 6 years old. In the West from 1983 to 2003, 7 lethal outcomes related to the use of local anesthetics were registered. It is possible to use such funds, but only on strict testimony and following the instructions for use, necessarily under the supervision of the doctor.

    What time you need to start brushing your teeth

    Dentists recommend starting to clean the teeth from the first cutting. But at the same time using a toothbrush-attack. These brushes are slightly soft, they are unable to damage the tender enamel, irritated gums. Simultaneously with cleansing, soft gum massation occurs, which facilitates the symptoms.

    Dentists recommend starting to clean the teeth from the first cutting. But at the same time using a toothbrush-attack. These brushes are slightly soft, they are unable to damage the tender enamel, irritated gums.

    Simultaneously with cleansing, soft gum massation occurs, which facilitates the symptoms.

    Hygiene of the oral cavity of young children can be carried out with or without packet. Dentists have no definite response on this. Use the paste adapted by age, recommended to children from risk groups:

    • Receiving artificial feeding;
    • Born ahead of time;
    • With weakened health;
    • With diagnosed diseases, etc.

    Toothpaste must be adapted by age and suitable for cleaning teeth of infants, Usually on the packaging is noted as "0+". Their natural composition is distinguished, they are without abrasives, and purification is carried out by enzymes, as a rule, dairy.

    Consultant for the material - children's dentist Julia Lapushkina.

    • Actual issues of experimental, clinical and preventive dentistry: a collection of scientific works of the Volgograd State Medical University. - Volgograd: LLC "Blank", 2008.- 346 s: Ill. - Issue No. 1, volume number 65.
    • Xiao Zhe Wang, Xiang Yu Sun, Jun Kang Quan. Influence of Preterm Labor and Birth Weight on Teething Patterns in Children in Beijing. Chin J Dent Res. 2019; 22 (2)
    • Mahtab Memarpour, Elham Soltanimehr, Taherh Eskandarian. SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS ASSOCIATED WITH PRIMARY TOTH ERUPTION: A CLINICAL TRIAL OF NONPHARMACOLOGICAL REMEDIES. Clinical Trial. Jul, 2015. 15
    • Liesl A Curtis, Teresa Sullivan Dolan, H Edward Seibert. Are ONE or Two Dangerous? Lidocaine And Topical Anesthetic Exposures in Children. J Emerg Med. Jul, 2009. 37 (1).

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    • Engaged in Pathophysiology, immunology, nutrition issues of children and adults
    • He graduated from the course of WHO / UNICEF, he taught in Volgma, the Department of Pathophysiology with a course of immunology, allergology. "
    The authors of the author

    The baby grows quickly, and now the first teeth appear. You will read in this article that there is a temperature when teething teeth in children, in what order there are milk teeth and what are the deadlines for teething in children, as well as how to help relive the unpleasant symptoms of teething in infants.

    When are the first teeth of infants?

    Teething teething is an unpleasant process, and sometimes stressful. But since it is impossible to avoid it, it is necessary to prepare. When do teeth begin to cut into children? In most kids, the first tooth appears in about 6 months, while a slight deviation towards a later and earlier appearance is the norm.

    Teething in children: sequence

    20 teeth appear in the dairy bite in children. The order of teething of dairy teeth, unlike constant, such that there are no premolars in dairy bite (these small indigenous teeth are located on 4 and 5 places in a constant dental row between fangs and molars).

    "Schedule" of teething in children

    6-8 months: 4 front tooth-cutters, two central ones on each jaw; The first central cutters appear first, then the upper central; These teeth are dispersed with pairs and come into contact with each other, forming a certain height of bite. At this time, the kid can already process the first teeth food of small stiffness.

    8-12 months: 4 side cutters, two on the lower jaw, then two on the top.

    16-20 months : 4 fang, two on each jaw. The teething of these teeth, children's dentists and pediatricians are considered the most difficult - and according to the anatomy of the tooth, and at the place of its location. Fangs make it possible to bite the "adult" hard food, but it cannot be chewed to chew it.

    20-30 months: 8 molars (large indigenous teeth), 4 on each jaw. It is the molars that the baby will be chewed to chew a sneezing solid food.

    Thus, by three years (in some - to two and a half), 20 dairy teeth are dispersed in a child.

    Teething table in children

    Tooth out time: why are they "hurry" or delay?

    The diagram shows the average deadlines for the appearance of dairy teeth, but someone from the kids they can cut forward a couple of months earlier, someone - later. Deviation in 1-2 months experts consider the norm, because on the deadlines for the appearance of the first teeth, not only the menu of the mother and child can affect, as well as heredity and the season of the appearance of the baby to the light (in those who were born in the spring and winter teeth appear earlier than Summer and autumn kids).

    The deviation from the norm is either a complete lack of teeth at a one-year-old child, or their early teething at the age of 2-3 months, or the birth of a child with the presence of teeth. In this case, the baby needs to show a pediatrician, an endocrinologist and a dentist, which in time will notice the possible development of rickets or endocrine disease. The "schedule" of the teething is also important, so parents should pay attention to the sequence of the appearance of dairy teeth in the natural scheme laid by nature.

    What can affect the displacement of the dies of teething?

    • hereditary factors (if the parents have a teething scheme broken);
    • Smoking Mother and other bad habits;
    • transferred during the pregnancy of the disease, as well as chronic diseases of the mother and father;
    • deadlines for the appearance of a child to light (prematurity, childbirth at the later dates);
    • the course of the generic process;
    • ARVI and other diseases that have suffered a child during the first months of life;
    • Freeding method (breast or artificial).

    How to understand what the child is cut into teeth?

    Teething in children, symptoms:

    Capricious behavior is associated with the promotion of the tooth through the gum: it causes pain and itching. The baby tries to scratch the gums by any girlfriend, bites, nervous. Help the child relieve unpleasant symptoms, buying a special teether for teeth.

    The deterioration of appetite and even the rejection of food (especially if it is hot). Taking the chest, the baby can try to bite the nipple. Help the child, resassing a little gums before feeding.

    Uncharged drowsiness, fatigue, increasing body temperature, abundant salivation. The temperature of the child during teething is normal should not be higher than 37.5-38 degrees, and its higher indicator signals other problems that are not associated with teeth. The reason for increasing the temperature is inflammation of the gum, and the abundant saliva creates a protective barrier from infections, performing a bactericidal and anti-inflammatory function. How much is the temperature of teething? Not more than 3-4 days, while there is no sharp increase in temperature to high indicators.

    Looking down the chair (the chair acquires the consistency of the "soft cashem" without changing its usual color), as well as his small increase.

    However, diarchs when teething in children should not be, it is an alarming symptom.

    Parents need to know:

    If the child's temperature rose above 38 degrees, diarrhea, vomiting, violation of consciousness and rash are joined to it, such symptoms are not at all connected with teething, but sign about the presence of infection. With such symptoms, it is necessary to urgently call an ambulance or show a child to the pediatrician.

    How to help the child when teething teetan

    Expert Tips:

    Many mothers fall into panic: "A teeth are cut in a child than to anesthetize?". They can be understood, because even a small pain in the baby's kid is difficult to worry. However, it is important to be patient and not overdo it, providing assistance, and know that the drugs are not appointed during teething. Only symptomatic assistance is possible: antipyretic agents and abundant drink at temperatures, the use of painkillers - paracetamol or ibuprofen, ventilating the baby's room and maintain the cool temperature in it, instillation of the sea salt solution in the nose, as well as the use of a special gel in teething in infants. Good helpers are teethers who can cool a little before giving the baby. Some of them contain a cooling gel inside.

    Also parents should be aware of Popular myths associated with the teething of teeth at the kid:

    • "When the teeth are cut, immunity decreases": it is not true, immunodeficiency in teething does not occur;
    • "The child needs to endure the situation with the teething of the teeth": not necessarily put the baby with stress, which violates his sleep and the ability to eat normally. If the teethel or gel is not saved - it is humanely to give the baby ibuprofen than to force him to endure the experiences;
    • "If the gums of Nabuchley means, the teeth will soon appear": this is not the case, the appearance of the gums does not at all report the deadlines for teething.
    • "Here the teeth shovel - and rash (skin itching, redness, etc.) will be held by itself": Some infant pathologies (for example, atopic dermatitis) can coincide in time with the appearance of teeth, but these diseases require treatment, and not expectation of that "everything will resolve itself."
    • "Vaccinations in the period of teething of the teeth are contraindicated": this is not the case, since the decline in immunity in the process of teething does not occur.
    • "When the teeth are cut, it is better not to introduce a new lure": it is not so there is no reason for restrictions.
    • "While all your teeth do not completely, it is not necessary to clean": it is incorrectly, the cleaning of the teeth is not inoperative to begin with the teething of the cutters.
    • "With the teething of the first teeth, you need to abandon night feedings, otherwise they will cause caries": This is a myth, since breasting (neither day or night) is not connected with the emergence of caries.
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    The appearance of dairy teeth in the oral cavity almost never passes unnoticed. The process is usually accompanied by the characteristic behavior of the baby. It should be known that the appearance of teeth in all children proceeds in different ways and is determined by the individual characteristics of the children's body.

    In order for this period to be less painful for the child and his parents, it is worth consulting a doctor.

    Dates and sequence of teething

    With accuracy to say, how many teeth climb in babies, there can not be any specialist. However, generally accepted is the opinion that the first lower central cutters should appear when the kid will be 6 months. All milk teeth in the amount of 20 pieces should be in the mouth to 3 years old.

    It also happens that children are the first clouds climb the top teeth and they appear much later than 6 months. Such a process is not considered by experts as a deviation from the norm, because the teeth begin to rub off from the gums in the sequence in which they were laid in the intrauterine period.

    Thus, focusing on how the teeth climb the child first, dentists do not recommend. Despite this, the following scheme for the appearance of incisors in the kids is considered to be the generally accepted, for her, if desired, parents may be partially oriented:

    • the first are the central, and only then side lower and upper cutters;

    • The following molars, fangs and second molars are dispersed behind them;

    • mostly the first lower teeth appear, and then - the top;

    • It is often marked by the steamy appearance of the cutters, it may even immediately teet two pairs.

    A phenomenon is considered common when the teeth climb not in that sequence. What to do in such a situation? It is advisable to refer to the children's dentist to exclude deviations. The fact is that deviations in the timing and alternateness of teething in children can be caused by such reasons:

    • Calcium deficiency and development of rickets;

    • thyroid diseases;

    • violation of the functions of the digestive system;

    • No cutters in the gum.

    As a rule, there are no reasons for concern if the child has not yet fulfilled a year, and he has no teeth.

    Basic signs and symptoms

    As children climb their teeth, hurry to learn many parents, especially those who face such a phenomenon for the first time. Rarely such a process remains unnoticed, most often it is manifested by characteristic symptoms.

    Specialists call the following basic symptoms that the child climbs their teeth:

    • worsening sleep;

    • Increased capriciousness and toddler condigancy;

    • Bad mood;

    • tumor and soreness of the gums;

    • loss of appetite, sometimes comes up to the abandonment of food;

    • increased salivation;

    • The child pulls everything in his mouth, so he is trying to alleviate pain;

    • The formation of various redness and rash around the mouth caused by the skin contact with saliva.

    In addition to the main signs pointing to the appearance of teeth in children, there are also accompanying symptoms. Because of the enhanced function of the salivary glands may be observed:

    Often, against the background of the fact that the child is climbing their teeth, the body temperature rises. It is usually held at a mark to 37.5 ° C, but can increase and up to 39 ° C.

    The strongest pain is accompanied by a teething of fangs. They have very sharp edges that rub the gums and cause strongly pronounced pain. Especially painful appearance of the upper "eye teeth", as they are closely related to the facial nerve.

    Approximate deadlines for the teeta of milkmen are presented in the table below.

    Tit name

    Age infant

    Central cutters

    Below - at 6-9 months, at the top - 7-10

    Side cutters

    On the upper gum - 9-11 months, on the bottom - 11-14

    First molars

    In the bottom row - in a year and a half,

    in the top - 13-20 months

    Fangs

    In the lower dentition - at 16-22 months, in the upper - 17-23

    Second molars

    Below - in 20-26, at the top - in 26-33

    Do not forget that this is only an approximate scheme of dental teething terms. Permissible are the later deadlines, but not later than 6 months.

    What should parents do?

    If the process of the appearance of teeth is accompanied by severe symptoms, the task of parents is to improve the condition of the child and facilitate the process of the appearance of the incisors. For this, it is important to comply with such recommendations of specialists:

    1. Buy a teether. This is a special device made of latex. It needs to be cooled and give the baby to bite it to the gums. The use of a teether reduces itching and pain.

    2. During the period of active teething, special preparations can be used that reduce the intensity of symptoms. These are such pills like "Dentocynd", "Kamistad", dentinox gel, "Holoval", "Calgel".

    3. At high temperatures, antipyretic agents should be given. Effective is the suspension "Paracetamol", "Panadol" and "Nurofen", the candles "Viborol".

    If the teeth do not appear for a long time, the curves climbed or with a fine enamel that is clogged, a specialist's office should be visited.

    Baby at the reception at the dentistBaby at the reception at the dentist

    This article is informative, for details, please contact your doctor!

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